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SMYRNA - Page Text Content


1: Izmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the country's largest port after Istanbul. It is located in the Gulf of zmir, by the Aegean Sea. It is the capital of zmir Province. The city of zmir is composed of 9 metropolitan districts (Balova, Bornova, Buca, ili, Gaziemir, Gzelbahe, Karyaka, Konak, and Narldere), each with its own distinct features and temperament. The total population as of 2007 is 2,649,582, of which 2,606,294 is urban. The total area of the nine districts is 855 km.

3: Izmir has almost 3,500 years of urban past, and possibly that much more of advanced human settlement. It is Turkey's first port for exports and its free zone, a Turkish-U.S. joint-venture established in 1990, is the leader among the twenty in Turkey. Its workforce, and particularly its rising class of young professionals, concentrated either in the city or in its immediate vicinity (such as in Manisa), and under either larger companies or SMEs, affirm their name in an increasingly wider global scale and intensity.

4: The Kemeralt bazaar zone set up by the Ottomans, combined with the Agora, rests near the slopes of Kadifekale. zmir has had three castles historically- Kadifekale (Pagos), the portuary Ok Kalesi (Neon Kastron, St. Peter), and Sancakkale, which remained vital to zmir's security for centuries. Sancakkale is situated in the present-day nciralt quarter between Balova and Narldere districts, on the southern shore of the Gulf of zmir. It is at a key point where the strait allows entry into the innermost tip of the Gulf at its narrowest, and due to shallow waters through a large part of this strait, ships have sailed close to the castle.

6: There are nine synagogues in zmir, concentrated either in the traditional Jewish quarter of Karata or in Havra Sokak (Synagogue street) in Kemeralt, and they all bear the signature of the 19th century when they were built or re-constructed in depth on the basis of former buildings. The Izmir Birds Paradise in ili, a bird sanctuary near Karyaka, contains 205 species of birds. There are 63 species of domestic birds, 54 species of summer migratory birds, 43 species of winter migratory birds, 30 species of transit birds. 56 species of birds have been breeding in the Park. zmir Bird's Paradise which covers 80 square kilometres was registered as "The protected area for water birds and for their breeding" by Ministry of Forestry in 1982. | The zmir International Festival beginning in mid-June and continuing to mid-July, has been organized since 1987. During the annual festival, many world-class performers such as soloists and virtuosi, orchestras, dance companies, rock and jazz groups including Ray Charles, Paco de Lucia, Joan Baez, Martha Graham Dance Company, Tanita Tikaram, Jethro Tull, Leningrad Philarmonic Orchestra, Chris De Burgh, Sting, Moscow State Philarmony Orchestra, Jan Garbarek, Red Army Chorus, Academy of St. Martin in the Field, Kodo, Chick Corea and Origin, New York City Ballet, Nigel Kennedy, Bryan Adams, James Brown, Elton John, Anathema, Kiri Te Kanawa, Mikhail Barishnikov and Josep Carreras have given recitals and performances at various venues in the city and surrounding areas, including the ancient theatres at Ephesus and Metropolis

9: Izmir prides itself with its busy schedule of trade fairs, exhibitions and congresses. zmir International Fair (IEF), the oldest member from Turkey of the International Union of Fairs is held in Kltrpark, covering an area of 421,000 m in the heart of the city. Aside from this main event, organized in the beginning of September each year, there are, for 2007, 35 national or international fairs and exhibitions held around the year and in different areas of activity. These fairs have made great contributions to zmir's social and cultural life with its vast ground, open-air theatres, Painting and Sculpture Museum, art centers, amusement park, zoo and parachute tower.

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  • By: deniz
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  • Title: SMYRNA
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  • Published: over 11 years ago