FC: About the Cold War By: Nicole Nolasco
1: the cold war was between the united states and the soviet union. The soviets weren't secure about their western boarder so they weren't ready to give up its control of Eastern Europe after Germany's defeat. | cold war lasted 45 years. from September 2, 1945 to December 26, 1991 | American leaders were not willing to give up the power the united states had gained. they were suspicious of each others matters so they became rivals. cold war is a political tension, and its purpose was to dominate world affiars. | Introduction
2: Marshall Plan | The purpose of the Marshall Plan was that communism was successful in countries with economic problems so they provided 13 billion to rebuild Europe. It followed after the Truman doctrine in 1947, and was proposed by General George C. Marshall. The Soviets and Eastern Europe refused to participate they saw it as an attempt to buy the support of countries. to keep communism within its boarders and prevent soviet aggressive moves, containment became U.S. policy.
3: The Truman Doctrine | Because President Harry S. Truman was alarmed by British withdrawl and the possibility of soviet expansion into eastern Mediterranean, he responded in 1947 with the Truman Doctrine. Truman Doctrine stated that the U.S. would provide money to countries threatened by communist expansion like Greece. If the Soviets weren't stopped the Truman argument ran and the U.S. would have to face the spread of communism throughout the world. | the Truman Doctrine was carried out by providing money.
4: Alliance Systems | the search for security led to alliance systems forming. North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed in April 1949 when Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Great Britain and other countries signed the treaty with U.S. and Canada. all the powers agreed to provide help if any of them was attacked. | In 1955, Soviet Union joined with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania in a formal Military Alliance known as Warsaw pact.
5: A Satellite State was a country that is economically and politically dependent on another country. | to stem Soviet aggression in the East, the U.S., Great Britain, France, Pakistan, Thailand, The Philippines, Australia, and new Zealand formed the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization. | The Central Treaty Organization included Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Great Britain, and the U.S. was meant to prevent the Soviet Union from expanding to the south.
6: Arms Race | Weapons= atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs, intercontinental ballistic missels, (TCBMs) which could send bombs anywhere.
7: both the U.S. and the soviet union would not launch a nuclear attack because both knew that the other side would be able to strike back with devastating force. they thought nuclear weapons would prevent a war. | in 1957- Soviets sent Sputnik I, first human made space satellite to orbit the earth. U.S. was afraid that the Soviet Union had a huge lead in building missels.
8: Bay of Pigs April 17-19, 1961 Location= Bay of Pigs, southern Cuba | the invasion was intended to provoke popularity for an uprising against Fidel Castro. but instead it gave him a military victory and a symbol of Cuban resistance to American aggression. | it was an action by CIA trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba with support from the U.S. government.
10: Work Cited | Spielvogel, Jackson J., PH.D., World History text book, 2005 www.google.com