FC: Anne Frank and Nazi Germany
1: June 12,1929 Annelies Marie Frank was born in Frankfurd, Germany
2: Depression hits Germany Reichstag was dissolved Nazi's get Hitler ready to run for president
3: Nuremberg Law 1953 Jews loose right of citizenship.. giving them the status of "subject" Jew are not allowed to employ Aryan women as household help | For the Protection of German Blood and Honor.. Jews were not allowed to marry or have sexual relations with an Aryan person
4: Kristallnscht..The Night of Broken Glass November 9 &10, 1938 A 17 year old boy shot a Jewish diplomat, in retaliation 7500 Jewish businesses and 101 Synagogues were destroyed. Thousands of Jews were arrested..This was the beginning of the Holocaust.
5: CHELMO..1st death camp, 1941-1944 150,000 Jews/5000 gypsies killed with carbon monoxide BELZEK..1941-1943 Lublin.Poland 600,000 Jews gassed MAJDANEK..Sept.1941-1944 Nov. 1943 24,000Jews shot Oct.1942 3 gas chambers built closed in 1944 after major riots/ some Jews escaped AUCHWITZ/BIRKENAU.. Opened in 1942 in SW Poland SOBIBOR.. Opened in Lublin District, 200,000 killed by carbon monoxide TREBLINKA.. in the Warschau District.July 1942 had 3 gas chambers, by Sept. 1942 they had 10 large gas chambers..700,000Jews killed in the gas chambers
6: On June 12,1942 Anne received a red checkered autograph book for her thirteenth birthday. This was the book she later used as her Diary while in hiding.
7: Jews were forced to wear the Yellow Star of David, and there was a constant risk of deportation. | On July 6, 1942, Anne's sister Margo, was ordered to report to a "forced labor" camp. The whole Frank family, went into hiding. Four other people joined the in the attic above Frank's office. They hid for two years.
8: Bep Voskuijl | Jo Kleiman | Victor Kugler | Jan Gies | Miep Gies Those who helped hide the Franks included his secretary and other people who worked with Otto Frank. Kleiman and Kugler were arresed when the Franks were found.
9: On August 4, 1944, after hiding for more than two years, the Franks were discovered and arrested. Those that were arrested, along with Anne and her family, included Otto's business partner Hermann van Peis, and his wife Auguste and their son Peter, and a dentist Fritz Pfeffer. Out of the eight, only Frank survives until the end of the war.
10: On Sept. 3, 1944 in Auschwitz, the men and women are separated, this is the last time Anne sees her father. October 28, 1944, Margo and Anne leave Auschwitz and travel 3 days to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. It is a horrible camp that is overcrowded, cold and wet, with little food and rampant disease.
11: March 1995 Annelies Marie Frank dies at the age of15. Anne and her sister Margo both died of Typus, Margo was 19. They were two of over 1 million children killed in concentration camps. Anne's mother Edith died at the age of 44 from exhaustion, after working in the labor camps. Herman van Pels was gassed and died he was 46, his wife Aguste was brutally murdered while on a train, she was 44, and their son Peter was forced to march 100's of kilometers in freezing temperatures and died of exhaustion, he was 19. Fritz died in a sick bay, he was 55. Otto Frank was the only survivor.
12: The liberation of the camps began in 1945. The liberators saw unspeakable conditions in the camps. The small number of prisoners found looked like skeletons.Many died after they were liberated. The Soviets liberated Auschwitz,Stuthof, Sachenhausen, &Ravensbrueck. The US liberated Buchenwald, Dora-Mittebau, Flossenburg, Dachau & Mauthausm. The British liberatede Neuengamme and Bergen-Belsen..where Anne Frank had died.
13: GERMANY SURRENDERS May 7,1945 Surrender signed by General Arlfed Jodl, in Reims
14: The Diary of Anne Frank was first published in the US in 1952. Eleanor Roosevelt wrote the introduction to the book. Anne's book has been written in 70 different languages, with more than 40million copies in print.
15: Manny Johnson- Spencer Johnson- It was hard for me to comprehend the struggles that the Jewish people of this time had to face.The Frank family especially living every day in fear, knowing that the next day could be your last. Seeing pictures of the death camps where at first almost unimaginable knowing that a people could find it right in there mind to organize the mass murder of six million people. This project has been an eye opener and made me see the bigger picture. Like other countries now fighting oppression, you can overcome it when the people stand together and fight for what is right. I now realize that people must fight for what is right. What if someone did that in Germany during Hitlers rein of power? Maybe I would be writing this.