S: Government Project
FC: Comparative Government Project | Ashley Apruzzese Block 3
1: United States Of America | Adopted on September 17, 1787 by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. | This limited the governments power. | U.S. Constitution | This called for a federal system of government and explains the way in which the government is organized.
2: United States Of America | Branches of Government | Executive Branch Structure: Chief of State: President Barack Obama (the president is both Chief of State and head of the government) Cabinet: Members are appointed by the President with approval from the Senate | Legislative Branch Structure: Bicameral Congress: -Senate (100 seats, 2 members elected from each state) -House of Representatives (435 seats, elected by popular vote) | Judiciary Structure: US Supreme Court (9 justices including the Chief Justice)
3: Political Parties | -Republican Party -Democratic Party -Green Party -Libertarian Party | Economy | Imports | Exports | Mixed Economy (mostly market where the economic decisions are made by individuals) | Crude Petroleum (15%) Refined Petroleum (7.4%) Digital Disk Drives(3%) Integrated circuits (2.6%) Cars (2.2%) | Refined Petroleum (6%) Cars (3.3%) Integrate Circuits (2.8%) Packaged Medicaments (2.5%) Vehicle Parts (2.4%)
4: The United Kingdom | Documents | There is no official Constitution in the United Kingdom. -The Magna Carta (signed in 1215 by King John) and -The Act of Settlement (signed in 1701) limits the power of the government | This created a Unitary system of government and a limited government power due to the actions of it citizens and what was stated in these documents.
5: Branches of Government | Executive Branch: Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II Head of Government: Prime Minister David Cameron Cabinet: members appointed by the Prime Minister | Legislative Branch: Bicameral Parliament House of Lords (780 seats) House of Commons (650 seats, members elected by popular vote) | Judiciary Structure: -Supreme Court (12 justices including the court and deputy president)
6: Economy | Imports | Exports: | The UK economy is the 3rd largest economy in Europe. The government has greatly reduced public ownership within the economy. This means they have a free market capitalist society. | Crude Petroleum (9.3%) Refined Petroleum (7.1%) Cars (5.0%) Gold (3.8%) Packaged Medicaments (3.6%) | Cars (7.1%) Refined Petroleum (7.1%) Packaged Medicaments (5.2%) Crude Petroleum (4.9%) Gas Turbines (3%) | Conservative Party, Alliance Party, Labor Party, Party of Wales, United Kingdom Independent party, Scottish National Party, Democratic Unionist Party | Political Parties
7: Australia | Constitution | The constitution was first made on July 9, 1990. It was put into effect on January 1, 1901. It has been amened several times (the last one being in 1977) | This constitution allows for a unitary system of government where the government's power is unlimited.
8: Branches of Government | Executive Branch: Chief of State: Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II Head of Government: Prime Minister Anthony John Abbott Cabinet: nominated by prime minister (members of parliament) | Legislative Branch: Bicameral Federal Parliament -Senate (76 seats, 12 members from the 6 states and 2 from each mainland territory) -House of Representatives (150 seats, elected by popular vote) | Judiciary Structure: -High Court of Australia (7 justices including the chief justice appointed by the governor general) -Subordinate Courts (subordinate courts at the federal and state levels)
9: Political Parties | Economy | Imports | Exports | Australian Greens Party, Australian Labor party, Country Liberal Party, Family First Party, Liberal National Party, Liberal Party, National Party of Australia | Australia is home to one of the largest capitalist economies in the World. | Coal Briquettes (32%) Crude Petroleum (6.6%) Gold (6.2%) Petroleum Gas (3.3%) Frozen Bovine Meat (2.4%) | Iron Ore (24%) Coal Briquettes (18%) Gold (5.7%) Petroleum Gas (4.8%) Crude Petroleum (4.3%)
10: Mexico | Constitution | The Constitution of Mexico (formally known as the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States) was approved by the Constitutional Congress on February 5, 1917 | This Constitution creates a federal system of government with a limited governmental power.
11: Branches of Government | Executive Branch: Chief of State: President Enrique Pena Nieto Head of Government: Enrique Pena Nieto Cabinet: members are appointed by the president | Legislative Branch: Bicameral national Congress -Senate (128 seats, 96 are elected by popular vote and 32 are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote -Chamber of Deputies (500 seats, 300 on poular vote, 200 are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote | Judiciary Structure: -Highest Court: Supreme Court of Justice (21 ministers) -Subordinate Courts: Federal, State, and District level courts
12: Political Parties | Economy | Imports | Exports | Cars (10%) Vehicle Parts (5.8%) Delivery Trucks (5.1%) Digital Disk Drives (4.2%) Telephones (3.8%) | Crude Petroleum (14%) Cars (7.9%) Monitors/Projectors (5.2%) Vehicle Parts (4.6%) Delivery Trucks (4%) | Mexico has the 14th largest economy in the world. It has a free market economy which means the economic decisions are made by the individuals. | Citizen's Movement, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Labor Party, Mexican Green ecological Party, National Action Party, New Alliance Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution
13: China | Constitution | The Chinese constitution was adopted by the National Constituent Assembly on December 25, 1946 and went into effect the following year. | This constitution led to a unitary system in which the government has limited power.
14: Branches of Government | Executive Branch: Chief of State: President XI Jinping Head of government: Premier Li Kegian Cabinet: members are part of the State Council appointed by National People's Congress | Legislative Branch: -Unicameral National People's Congress: members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses | Judiciary Structure: -Highest court: Supreme People's Court (340 judges including chief justice and the 13 grand justices) -Subordinate Courts: Higher People's Courts, Intermediate People's Courts, District and County People's Courts
15: Political Parties | Economy | Imports | Exports | Chinese Communist Party, 8 nominally independent small parties | China is home to the world's largest economy. They have a socialist market economy alongside a mixed economy. | Crude Petroleum (9.1%) Broadcasting Equipment (4.4%) Telephones (4.3%) Iron Ore (3.9%) Digital Disk Drives (3.9%) | Digital Disk drives (8.9%) Broadcasting Equipment (4.2%) Telephones (4.2%) Office Machine Parts (2.2%) Industrial Printers (1.9%)
16: MLA Sources: "Australia." Central Intelligence Agency. OpenGov, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
17: GETCHELL JR., E. DUNCAN; BRADY, MICHAEL H. Texas Review of Law & Politics. Fall2012, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p125-184. 60p. , Database: Advanced Placement Source Observatory Of Economic Complexity. Macro Connections, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.