FC: Sarah Antonishyn | Development of Liberalism
1: Liberalism | Liberalism hasn't always been what we know it as today. It something that started as a little idea and has grown into something that works well in society. It has taken years to develop as far as it has and it will continue to develop and improve on its flaws.
2: French Revolution | There is not one particular factor that is responsible for the French Revolution. Years and years of feudalism and unfair taxation of the public drove the people to want a drastic change. | King Luis XVI was the ruler of France during the time of the French Revolution. He was in favor of the "divine right of kings" and ruled with this mind set. He did however want to rule for his people and wanted to shift taxation to the rich instead of the poor.
3: The French Revolution brought the people into politics. Democracy was created in the midst of the revolution and individual freedom was made a must. The French Revolution challenged the traditional political, social and economic structure and won in favor of the public. | Louis was executed and Maximilien Robespierre took control of France. He brought fear into everyones eyes by executing over 15,000 people. This was called "The Reign of Terror. Later he too was arrested and executed. After this, the constitution was made and people began to have more legal rights. This continued through history and was the early beginnings of what we call the Charter of Rights and Freedoms which is the basis to our rights in politics.
4: Adam Smith
5: "Man is competitive by nature" -Adam Smith | Adam Smith believed in economic freedom of the individual. He was very much a liberalist in his thinking | He wrote the "Wealth of Nations" , a book about prices and profit The book lays out and explains his theory of the "Invisible Hand" | The Invisible Hand theory states that business owners will meet the needs of the public by meeting their own. | By helping themselves they are actually providing the public with more jobs creating a better strong economy without any government help.
7: He thought that equality was absurd! A hierarchical society is how it should be according to Edmund Burke. | These ideals again are the first thoughts that lead to the big picture of liberalism. Ideas like his spread to those around him which created movements and laws set in place that changed society for the better.
8: A founder to Liberalism | John Stuart Mill | He believed people should be free to do what ever they please, provided no harm could possibly happen to anyone but themselves. He stated this opinion in the book "On Liberty" that he wrote. | His opinion is based on a very liberal way of thinking. It is based on the individual and this is what our modern day liberalism is centered around. His opinion and ideals help kick start this idea as well.
9: Freedom of the Individual Democracy Laissez Fair Economics
10: Industrial Revolution | The Industrial Revolution brought in new technologies that created more jobs for people. This was ultimately the start of liberalism, this is when it all began to be put into everyday society. It gave everyone an equal opportunity to create their own wealth which eventually helped expand the middle class as people began to take advantage of this given opportunity and begin to make a profit for themselves instead of the state. It began a very individualist society, which is a huge part of liberalism.
13: Baron Montesquieu firmly believed in the separation of powers. This means he supported the three levels of government, executive, legislative, and judicial. This ensured the power would never end up in one person or groups hands, it was divided evenly and fairly. This eliminated any chance of dictatorship. | His views helped develop our society today. Originally, everything was owned by the monarch or queen, now we do have separation of powers and will continue to. The separation of powers help the people have more control over their daily lives, it supports an individualistic or liberal society.