S: S A T C H M O
BC: In memory of the great Satchmo 1901-1971
FC: Louis | "Satchmo" | Armstrong | The Roaring 20s & 30s
1: Louis Armstrong was a very | Lo | Not only did he overcome poverty, he was one of the best musicians ever. He was born in New Orleans, August 4, 1901. His mother had worked many jobs to make ends meet, and his father left the family when Louis was a baby. Louis was raised by his grandmother and mother. It was tough for African Americans because the city was segregated. His family was never around. | interesting man! | As a kid, Louis "hustled" for money. He would play his instrument and get money for playing. As Louis received the money, he put the pennies in his mouth so other kids wouldn't steal them. That's how he received the nickname Satchmo because his mouth would look like a satchel. Louis had dropped out of school at the age 11. On new years eve he had fired a gun in a club and was sent to reform school at the age of 14.
2: Louis was always interested in music from an early age and he learned to play his instrument well through the influence of New Orleans' bars and other mentors. He not only played the trumpet he also sang. He worked with Joe King Oliver in a band on a steamboat that went up and down the Mississippi. When he moved to Chicago, that's when he started to become more popular. One band was the Hot Five and he married his second wife, Lil Harden, who was part of the group. He played in bands, shows and in clubs for a while and then he hit the big time. He toured across the world to perform. This had led to a sad time for Louis because the strain of not seeing each other ate their relationship away. Lil divorced him in 1938. | His profession | He was so popular he played in clubs, bands, and shows.
3: He played with the Hot Five and had his own band in Chicago. | These are some of Louis Armstrong albums from the 1920's
4: After becoming famous around the world, he returned to New Orleans to play again with King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band. They wanted to give a free concert to the city's African-American people but it was canceled at the last minute. Racism was still a big problem in New Orleans, and it was still segregated. He was treated so much better in Europe that he toured England, Europe, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Holland. He didn't return to the United States until 1935 and hired a manager which was great for him. He didn't have to worry about the bills, just concentrate on his music. He sang, played, and wrote music all of his life. He did skat, ragtime, jazz, and swing. He had many incredible songs and albums. For instance he had wrote "What a Wonderful World" and "Hello Dolly" near the end of his career.
5: Louis was married four times. To Daisy Parker, Lil Harden, Alpha Smith, and Lucille Wilson. He and Daisy had adopted a 3-year-old mentally disabled boy named Clarence Armstrong who was the son of Louis's cousin Flora. Louis and Lucille remained married for the rest of his life. She was with him until he died of a heart failure on July 6th, 1971 in his bedroom in Queens, New York. | Louis and Lucille