S: It's All Up to You - Manatees - Alyssa Sliwa
BC: Alyssa Sliwa Copyright 2012
FC: It's All Up to You Manatees Alyssa Sliwa
1: What are Manatees? Manatees are large marine mammals that live in the coastal areas and rivers of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the Amazon Basin, and West Africa. They hold the nickname of sea cows. | There are 3 types of manatees: 1.West African Manatee 2.Amazonian manatee 3.West Indian manatee
2: Manatees can measure up to 14 feet long, and weigh up to 1,300 lb. They have sort of paddle- like flippers. The name manatee comes from the pre-Columbian people of the Caribbean meaning “breast.”
3: Manatee Characteristics
5: What is a Manatee’s Diet? Manatees are herbivores. Their diet consists of a wide variety of -shoreline vegetation. Manatees in Florida eat more than 60 types of plants including turtle grass, manatee grass, shoal grass, and much more. West-African Manatees are considered pests in Sierra-Leone, Africa, because they devour the fields of rice. Some manatees have been seen to eat things other than plants.
6: How do Manatees Behave? Manatees are humble, non-aggressive, non-territorial creatures of the sea. They spend most of their time eating, (6-8 hours a day), and resting (2-12 hours a day). The rest of their day is made up of exploring objects, traveling, and socializing with other fellow manatees.
7: Social Behavior – The best description of a manatee's social skills is to say they are semi-social. A basic social unit is a mother and her calf. Groups of manatees casually gather and disperse all the time, but their groups are organized. The groups tend to be temporary, but are very peaceful. They participate in games such as “follow the leader” and “bodysurfing.”
8: What is a Manatee’s Size? Adult West-African manatees and adult West-Indian manatee size average about 3 meters (10 ft.) in length. Large individuals may also reach 13 ft. Average adults weigh approximately 800-1,200 lb. Females are generally larger than males. Amazonian manatees are the smallest of all the species. They are shorter and skinnier.
11: How do Manatees Communicate? Manatees emit sounds under water to communicate. They chirp, whistle, and squeak. They seem to make these sounds when they are afraid, sexually aroused, or when interacting with others. Vocalizations are an important part in a mother and calf's relationship. Mothers respond to squeals of their calves from more than 200 ft. away.