FC: The McCormick Reaper
1: By Calvin Chervinko and Sam Muller
2: Through Their Eyes The people of America in the 1800's valued hard work. They thought we were important and powerful. They valued their land, money, and their new technology. It affected their choices by making new inventions to make hard work more efficient.
3: People needed to know the land to make machines that could do the job right. Like the McCormick reaper. | People thought the McCormick reaper was an easy, fast way to do the job. They thought that it was helpful and resourceful. But some groups of people (like the Native Americans) didn't like it because it destroyed their land and took their crop.
4: Cause and Effect Slow wheat production caused the McCormick Reaper to be invented. Robert McCormick worked on it for 2 decades and gave up. His son Cyrus took it over and got a patent in 1843.
5: People who worked on farms because it took away their jobs. The Native Americans didn't like it either because the McCormickReaper took away a lot of their land and also took their crops away. It sped up the production of wheat which brought in more cash, but also caused more land to be used up.
6: Turning Points | The McCormick reaper is now replaced by other machinery and newer reapers. This was the first innovation of it's kind and led to many more. For example, the mower (used for cutting hay) was developed from the McCormick reaper. | The McCormick reaper sped up grain harvest which lead to more wheat being planted. This made the Midwestern prairies' main economic activity wheat raising.
8: Change and Continuity | What has changed? | The original McCormick Reaper isn't used. Many upgrades were made through the years. | What has remained the same? | The company that originally made the McCormick reaper (McCormick Harvesting Machine Company) is still in business, but under a new name (Navistar).
9: Who has benefited? | Who has not benefited? | The McCormick family has benefited because of the riches the invention brought to their family. Also, farmers benefited because their work became much easier and they made more money than they would have without the reaper. | There were probably many farm workers who lost jobs because the reaper could do the work of five men. Also, Native Americans didn't benefit because their land was taken away from them.
10: Using The Past | The McCormick reaper is similar to the Combine Harvest Machine be cause they are both used to harvest wheat. | The Combine combines reaping, binding, and threshing which the McCormick didn't do. Before you needed three machines to do these jobs.
11: What does the invention of the McCormick reaper tell us about the history of the 1800's? | The McCormick reaper tells us that farming was extremely important in the 1800's. It also tells us that the expanding economy and growing demand for wheat (and other products) forced the creation of new machinery like the McCormick reaper.