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FC: The Underground Railroad

1: Created by Troy McLean RSCS 7th grade social studies

2: Many people helped with the Underground Railroad. These people include white and black abolitionists, enslaved African Americans, American Indians, and members of different religious groups. Slaves used codes such as songs and stories to pass information onto others. Railroad words were used to pass information. Conductors were guides and hiding places were depots or stations. Most slaves ran at night to be protected by swamps,bayous, forests and waterways.

4: Trying to escape slavery was hard and dangerous. The first part was being able to escape the slaveholders. This had to be done without much help. When the slaves escaped from the plantation they would move at night. They traveled 10-20 miles to the next depot. At each stop they would rest and eat. They usually hid out in barns and other out-of -the-way places so they would not be seen. While the runaways were resting messages were being sent to the next depot letting the station masters know others were on their way. Several notable people helped with the Underground Railroad such as John Fairfield, Levi Coffin,a Quaker who helped 3,000 slaves and Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman made 19 trips to the South

6: IThe Underground Railroad was a national secret organization that stole slaves from the South. The assistants from others in helping the slaves escape was underestimated. It was actually the resourcefulness and the bravery of the runaways themselves. The runaways were usually helped after leaving the plantations when it was less dangerous. The Underground Railroad was used to dramatize the evils of slavery.

7: The first one is the trail The other is a home they stayed in

8: The families that lived in the safe houses did not believe in slavery. They used their homes to help the runaways stay safe on their journey north. The families hung quilts on their porches and lit lanterns to show their home was safe.

9: Quilt and lantern

10: Since runaway slaves ran at night they used the stars to guide them. They followed the North Star because it was the brightest. It helped to light their way through the dark woods. Slaves also followed the "Drinking Gourd" (Big Dipper).

12: history.helium.com antiquetrader.com icecreamheadache.wordpress. com icecreamheadache.wordpress. com joycetice.com campfirecapers.com galacticimages.com my.execpc.com nj.com mapmaker.rutgers.edu socialstudiesperiod2.wikispaces.com

13: www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2944.htmlWebsite #1http://americancivilwar.com/underground_railroad.html www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0850012.html

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