FC: By Anna Giardina | INDIANS
2: There was a lot of technology that the Paleo, Archaic, and the Eastern Woodland Indians used. Recently artifacts were found telling us that Paleo Indians would have arrived at about 15 – 18 thousand years ago. The Archaic Indians had a more advanced lifestyle, and they have added an atlatl to the spears. The Eastern Woodlands’ technology has advanced like: planting crops, bows and arrows, pottery, and trading. Due to farming they settled in one place so they no longer have to travel to find animals to eat. They are all very different and similar in many ways. | There are three Indian language groups in Virginia: the Algonquian, Siouan, and the Iroquioan. Thirty-two of the forty Algonquian tribes came together as the Powhatans. These tribes mostly lived in the Coastal Plains. The Siouan built mounds for their dead. About 80,000 Iroquioan people still live in America today. All of these Indian language groups have different ways of living.
4: There are many ways the Native Americans have been influenced by the English people. The Racial Integrity Act prevented marriage for colored and white people. The Mattaponi and the Pamunkey still pay taxes with gifts. The Federal government still does not recognize the 8 tribes in Virginia. The Indians can only learn about their heritage from their own schools.
5: Mattaponi woman
6: Governor Bob McDonnell made November Native American History Month. He signed proclamation for each of the eleven state recognized tribes. The state recognized tribes are the Mattaponi Tribe, Upper Mattaponi Tribe, Pamunkey Tribe, Chickahominy Tribe, Eastern Chickahominy Tribe, Monacan Indian Nation, Nansemond Tribe, Rappahannock Tribe, Patawomeck Tribe, Nottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia, Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe of Southampton County. Virginia’s natural resources manager believes we should be partnered with the tribes and raise awareness of their present day lives.