FC: Pope Urban VI by Addy Rigdon
1: Pope Urban VI was Pope from 1378 until his death in 1389.
2: From the time Pope Urban VI was chosen in 1378 until his death, many people questioned whether or not he deserved the position. Pope Urban VI was known for his violent outbursts and cruel treatment of others, raising doubts as to whether or not he should carry the title of Pope.
3: In 1378, many cardinals who were displeased with Pope Urban VI's behavior moved to Anagni. Here, they chose Clement VII to become the new Pope. Urban VI, however, refused to step down from his position under the claim that the papacy lasted until death. Suddenly, the Catholic world found itself split under the leadership of two separate popes. This divide is known as the Western Schism, or Great Schism.
4: The divide lasted far longer than anyone expected, and was not resolved until 1414. Each country in Europe sided with one of the two Popes, and refused to recognize the other. Both Urban VI and Clement VII argued that they were the true Pope, and even called each other the "Anti-Pope." Shown to the right is a map of each man's supporting areas. The areas in red supported Clement VII whereas the those in blue stood by Urban VI.
5: The Western Schism between Pope Urban VI and Pope Clement VII was a battle for power as ruler of the Catholic Church. This divide, however, ended up taking a lot of power from the Church. People were confused as to how two religious men could partake in such dirty campaigns against each other, and many turned to new faiths as a result. Years later, the Catholic Church declared that the Roman line of the papacy (i.e. Urban VI), was the legitimate line. Pope Urban VI died in 1389, but will forever be remembered in a negative light. His legacy is one of cruelty, violence, and a general decline in the Church.