FC: The Cotton Gin By Morgan Patrow and Sidney Mattson
2: Through Their Eyes | People in the 1800s viewed their world as a place to be explored. Many people were moving out West to areas with rich farming. Manufacturing was becoming more common and many new inventions were being made. People needed the knowledge of producing, buying, and selling to be successful.
3: The Invention of the Cotton Gin This invention affected many Americans. Slaves in the South working on plantations liked this invention because it made their work faster and easier. Farmers liked it because they could produce more cotton. Finally, people in the North liked the cotton gin as well because they could buy much more for a lower price.
4: Cause and Effect | The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. He wanted to invent a machine to help slaves remove the seeds from cotton faster. Before, cotton was not farmed a lot because it was so hard to quickly pick out the seeds in order to sell the cotton. This machine passed the cotton with seeds through a cylinder while saw-like teeth separated the seeds. This process allowed one person to do the amount of work that fifty people would normally have to do.
5: While this machine helped the slaves working in the South, it also caused the number of slaves to increase. Once this machine started being used, farmers started to plant more cotton. Cotton was very easy to plant and could grow in almost any type of soil. The more cotton that was planted, the more slaves they needed to harvest it. Therefore, the cotton gin both helped and hurt the slaves.
6: Turning Points | The use of the cotton gin transformed the lifestyles for many southern farmers. Cotton quickly became the main crop for the South. The Northern US and England both became major buyers.
7: The future of the US would never be the same with this invention. The number of slaves dramatically increased with this invention. Eventually, the North would become upset about the poor treatment of these slaves and, eventually, a Civil War would be fought. The cotton gin affected future US choices by making options for trading and producing more products made of cotton because more of it was available.
8: A lot has changed with the cotton gin since Whitney invented it. Cotton gins today are computerized and also clean and condition the fiber to make a better end product. However the basic concept of helping farmer's profit, reducing labor costs, and providing textile mills with a higher quality product. | Change and Continuity
9: Many people have benefited from the cotton gin. For farmers it made work faster and more efficient. It has improved the quality of cotton for people who purchase those such products. The Africans did not benefit because it caused farmers to hire more slaves.
10: Something similar to the cotton gin today is corn being peeled of corn cobs. This process is similar to the process of the cotton gin. It uses the same concept of separating seeds from raw product. | Something that is different from the cotton gin today is carving pumpkins and taking out the seeds by hand. The cotton gin was invented so people did not have to do this kind of work. | Using The Past
11: This invention can show us that the 1800s were a time of change. Many were expanding West, and new inventions were being created to produce money and supplies for this new country.