BC: Maddie Keute Roxi Stene (:
FC: The Telegraph
1: Background Information | Definition of Telegraph: An apparatus that used electric signals to transmit messages. The electric telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse who was an American inventor. On May 4, 1844, Morse demonstrated that he could send messages instantly along wires. The messages were transmitted in Morse Code. Morse Code is a series of dots and dashes representing the letters of the alphabet. By 1852 the U.S. was operating about 23,000 miles of telegraph lines.
2: Through Their Eyes
3: How did the people in the 1800's view their world? People in the 1800's saw their world as an expanding nation. Population in the U.S was growing and so were the industries. Many people were moving west and exploring, so they probably saw their new lives as an adventure. How did their world view affect their choices and actions? Since they saw their world as a growing nation they started to make progress with advancements in technology. They started inventing more things to improve progress. What values, skills, and forms of knowledge did they need? They needed to have knowledge about their land and relationships between the other people in the U.S. They needed to know how to use the new technology that was being invented. How did all groups of people in the U.S. view the invention of the telegraph? I think that the people in the U.S. viewed the telegraph as a great advancement for their nation and they probably gave them a step in front of all of the other countries.
4: Cause And Effect | What caused the telegraph to be invented? The telegraph was invented because of the growth of industry, the new pace of travel, and all together the growth of the U.S. Who invented the telegraph? Why? Samuel Morse invented the telegraph because he wanted faster ways to communicate throughout the growing nation. Who did not support the telegraph to be invented? Nobody in specific made it obvious that they didn't support the telegraph. Maybe other countries especially Britain could have been intimidated by how fast America was advancing without their help. What were the effects of the telegraph? The invention of the telegraph facilitated the growth in railroads, commodity markets, and reduced information costs between business firms.
5: Telegraphs & Railroads The railroads needed the telegraph to coordinate the arrival and departure of trains. Railroads started using telegraphs in 1851, because the wires were a nuisance, and sagging wires caused accidents and sometimes fatalities. Telegraph & Financial Markets As the telegraph spread, so did the centralization of price on a variety of commerce. Telegraph & Business Firms It made it easier to track shipping products.
6: Turning Points | How did the use of the telegraph significantly transform people's lives, communities, and the world? The telegraph was an earlier version of long distance communication | How did the use of the telegraph significantly transform people's lives, communities, and the world? The telegraph helped people communicate from long distances away from one another, it made people's brains work to learn the Morse Code, and eventually, the telegraph was known all around the world and people started using it more and more. How did the use of the telegraph affect future choices in the U.S.? Without the telegraph being invented, the telephone would have either not been invented at all or would have been invented much later in time. We could all be living in that the 1960's were right now if we were to have been set back with the invented of the telegraph being invented later than it was or not at all.
8: Change And Continuity | What has changed with the telegraph since it was invented? Modern telegraphs require fewer wires and can send more messages, they can also be sent at higher speeds by automated keying machines. What has remained the same with the telegraph? They are still used for communication. Who has not benefited from the telegraph? Anybody who wanted to communicate quickly with others who were far away appreciated the telegraph. Who has not benefited from the telegraph? We don't think that anyone would not benefit from the telegraph because anybody was able to use it and it helped everybody stay in touch with people everywhere.
10: Using The Past | How is the telegraph similar to something today? Since the telegraph is a form of sending messages, it is similar to an e-mail today, but also it is similar to a telephone because it send and receives instant messages. How is the telegraph different than something today? An e-mail has no wires connecting to the actual device and the telephones nowadays don't really use wires connecting to the phone itself. The telegraph was connected to wires and also had the Morse Code and had to decipher the message then the person would get the message. How does the invention of the telegraph tell us about the history of the 1800's The invention of the telegraph shows us how smart and advanced everyone was even without computer technology that we all have today. Some people even had horrible eyesight.