BC: The End | Thank You For Watching!!!!
FC: A Nation Divided | By Stephen W.
1: Tensions between North and South | In 1819, the North and the South were regions of the United States. Even though they were part of the same country, they were quite different. The South wanted to be rich and they were agriculture, so they had slaves to grow cotton and treated the slaves unequally. The South had plantations, farms, and small cities. The North was industrial. They had factories, industries, and big cities. They had no slavery in their states.
2: Missouri Compromise | The North and South argued over what to do about slavery. Finally, Henry Clay proposed the Missouri Compromise. | It made Missouri join as a slave state and Maine join as a free state to be equal. It kept peace between the North and South for 30 years. Clay had the idea of drawing a line across the Western part of the United States at 36,30' north to divide the states by free and slave states.
3: Underground Railroad | Abolitionists were the fiercest opponents of slavery. The wanted to abolish (end) slavery forever because they thought it was wrong. As a way to help they created the Underground Railroad.The Underground railroad is a path of houses in the North, that lead slaves to freedom (to Canada). Federick Douglass wrote strong speeches against slavery and was an African slave. | They provided safe houses, called stations, where runaway slaves could rest. They provided them because to help hide runaway slaves from their masters and their hunting dogs.
4: Compromise of 1850
5: Compromise of 1850 | Congress passed the Fugitive slave law which means the people in the North had to capture and bring back runaway slaves. | Henry Clay made the Compromise of 1850. It allows California to enter as a free state and lets the states of New Mexico and Utah to decide to be free or slave states.
6: Bleeding Kansas | Kansas and Nebraska were supposed to become free states. According to the Missouri Compromise, but in 1854, Congress changed the rules by passing the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The North and South raced to Kansas to make Kansas a free or slave state and went to battles. 200 people died. | In 1856, an angry pro-slavery mob went into the town of Lawrence, Kansas and burned a hotel and wrecked much of the town. This attack made an abolitionist named John Brown angry and he led the attack on Harpers Ferry.
7: Abraham Lincoln's Election | Abraham Lincoln wanted no spread of slavery in the new territories. Abraham Lincoln won the election for president in 1860. He became president after that. | After Abraham Lincoln was elected, the Southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederacy. The Civil War had begun after that. The first battle of the Civil War was the Battle of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor In South Carolina. .