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ABC book

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ABC book - Page Text Content

BC: Ge | Y | ser | A Geyser is a hot spring in which water boils and sends a tall column of water and steam into the air. Old Faithful is a Geyser in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming.

FC: Geographical Features ABC book Athena D. 2nd hour

1: A | rchipageo | An archipelago is a small group of islands, or a sea with many islands, such as the Aegean Sea.

2: B | utte | A butte is an isolated hill with steep sides and flat top.The word butte comes from a French word meaning "small hill", and Because of their distinctive shapes, buttes are frequently landmarks in plains and mountainous areas.

3: C | anyon | A canyon is a deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it. The Grand Canyon in Arizona was caused by water and wind erosion. Thousands of tourists flock there each year.

4: D | esert | A desert is a dry, barren area of land, one usually covered in sand. The Sahara Desert covers most of northern Africa. Deserts generally receive less than 40cm (16in) of rain a year.round one third of the Earth's surface is covered in deserts.

5: E | scarpment | An escarpment is a long steep slope that usually separates land of different heights.

6: F | loodplain | A Floodplain is area of low-lying land, adjacent t a river. It is formed mainly of sediments. Farmers use the fertile soil from the Nile Floodplain in Egypt, for their crops.

7: G | lacier | A Glacier is a slow moving mass of ice, formed by packed snow near the poles. Glacier ice is the largest reservoir of fresh water on the planet, and glaciers are found in 47 countries.

8: H | ighlands | Highlands are a high area or mountainous range.The Scottish Highland are probably the most famous in the world.

9: I | sthmus | An isthmus is a narrow strip of land that connect two larger pieces of land. The isthmus of Corinth connect the two major parts of Greece.

10: F | J | ord | A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of sea between high cliffs. These are found mostly in Scotland.The Sognefjord in Norway is the second longest fjord in the world. Read more: Facts About Fjords |

11: La | K | e | A lake is a large body of water surrounded by land. The Great lakes are five large lakes found in the northern United States.

12: L | agoon | A lagoon is a stretch of saltwater separated from the sea by a small sandbank or coral reef

13: M | arsh | A marsh an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or high tide.Freshwater marshes are dominated by plants such as rushes, reeds and sedges, and saltwater marshes are flooded twice daily by salty seawater.

14: mountai | N | A mountain is a large natural elevation that rises abruptly from the surrounding level. Mt. Everest is highest in the world.

15: O | asis | An oasis is is a fertile spot in a desert that has water.

16: P | rairie | A prairie is a large, flat, open plain. especially in the Mississippi River Valley.Prairies once covered about 40% of the United States, and prairies are one of the most recently developed ecosystems in North America.

17: A | Q | uifer | An aquifer is a body of permanent rock that can contain or transmit ground water.

18: R | ainforest | A rainforest is a forest that is rich in biodiversity. The Amazon Jungle is the in the world.

19: S | ound | A sound is a narrow stretch of water that forms an inlet. The Long island sound is between Long Island and New York.

20: T | undra | A tundra is A vast, treeless, plain that is found in Europe, Asia, and North America. Siberia is a large tundra in Northern Russia.

21: Platea | U | A plateau is an area of ground that is significantly higher than the land around it. The largest and highest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau.

22: V | olcano | A Volcano is a mountain or hill, with a crater or vent in which lava or rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are sent into the atmosphere. The largest volcano on earth is Mauna Loa on Hawaii's Big Island.

23: W | aterfall | A waterfall is a cascade of water falling from a height, that is formed by a river or stream.Yosemite Falls in the Sierra Nevada of California are the largest waterfalls in North America

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