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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content

BC: "Don't cry because it's over, Smile because it happened." - Dr Seuss

FC: Earth's physical features By: Sarah Haugum Geography 1

1: Atoll a ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral. | Fun Fact In contrast to the Indo-Pacific, atolls are relatively rare in the Caribbean. Published counts range from 10-27, depending upon who is doing the classification. | A Famous Atoll Bikini atoll, in the Pacific ocean.

2: Bay a broad inlet of the sea where the land curves inward | Fun Fact Tampa Bay is the largest open-water estuary in Florida. | A famous Bay Tampa Bay, Tampa Florida

3: Canyon - a deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it, as found in North America. | Fun Fact The Grand Canyon took 3-6 million years to form; erosion continues to alter its contours. They also have never found a bone or tooth in the Grand Canyon. | A Famous Canyon Grand Canyon, Arizona

4: Desert - a dry, barren area of land, esp. one covered with sand, that is characteristically desolate, waterless, and without vegetation. | Fun Fact The Sahara Dessert covers about 11 countries. | A famous Dessert Sahara Dessert, North Africa

5: Escarpment - a long, steep slope, esp. one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights. | A Famous Escarpment Niagara Escarpment,Ontario, Canada | Fun Fact Ontario's Niagara Escarpment is one of Canada's foremost scenic landforms.

6: FloodPlain - an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. | A famous floodplain - Oklahoma floodplain, Oklahoma

7: Glacier - A piece or pieces of ice that melt to form lakes or artics. | A Famous Glacier - Grinnell Glacier, the heart of glacier national park, Montana

8: Highland - an area of higher lands. | A famous Highland The Scottish highlands, Scotland

9: Island - a piece of land surrounded by water | A famous Island - The Hawii Islands, Off the coast of California. | Island

10: Fjord - A long narrow stream in between 2 large mountains | Fjord | A famous fjord Gierangerfjord,Western Norway

11: Lake - A large body of water enclosed by land. | Fun Facts In measurements, this lake is 1741 meters deep (5315 ft), covers an area of 31494 sq kilo meters (12160 square miles) | A famous Lake Lake Bakial, Russia (province Irkutsk)

12: Lagoon - a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef. | A famous Lagoon Blue Lagoon, Iceland

13: Marsh - an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains waterlogged at all times. | Fun Fact There are two kinds of marsh: freshwater marshes and saltwater marshes.

14: MountaiN - a large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level | Fun Fact The official altitude of the world's highest peak is 29,029 feet. | Famous Mountain - Mt. Everest, Himalaya Mountains in Asia

15: Oasis - a fertile spot in a desert where water is found. | Fun Fact - Oasis's could take around 10 hours to find in the Sahara Desert.

16: Prairie - a large open area of grassland

17: Aquifer - a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater | A famous aquifer Ogallala Aquifer, Texas

18: Reef - a ridge of jagged rock, coral, or sand just above or below the surface of the sea. | A Famous Reef Great Barrier Reef, Australia

19: Sea - the expanse of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface and surrounds its landmasses | A famous Sea Sea of Galilee, Israel

20: Tundra - a vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen

21: Plateau - an area of relatively level high ground.

22: Volcano - a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust.

23: Waterfall - a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.

24: Geyser - a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water and steam into the air

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