S: African American Inventor ABC Book
FC: African American Inventor ABC Book Mrs. Sylar's 4th Grade Class 2009-2010
2: A Nathaniel Alexander was born in Mecklenburg, NC. He was born March 7, 1808. He was 52 years old when he died. Alexander invented the folding chair. His invention is still used today.
3: B Benjamin Banneker was born November 9. 1731. He was born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland. He died in October 1806. Banneker was largely self-taught. Although he was somewhat educated by the Quakers. He constructed the first striking clock in America. He also published the first Farmers' Almanac.
4: C George Washington Carver invented peanut butter and 400 plant products. He was born in 1864. He died in 1943. His salary was $100,000 a year. His nick name was the 'Plant Doctor.'
5: D Dr. Charles R. Drew was born on June 3, 1904 in Washington, DC. Charles died at the age of 46. He was killed in a car crash. Dr.Drew invented the blood bank, for people that have lost blood. The invention is still used today by the Red Cross. His invention has saved a lot of people! Charles was a football player, coach, and teacher. Charles attended three different colleges.
6: E James C. Evans was born in Mississippi on March 16, 1932. He grew up in poverty. Evans received a sixth grade education. Evans invented an airplane appliance. Evans died in a car crash.
7: F Clara C. Frye was born October 2, 1919 in Brighton, Iowa. She lived in Brighton for most of her life. Frye invented surgical appliances. She was a trained nurse who invented a combination bed and air pan. Her invention was patented in 1900. Many hospitals still use her invention today.
8: G George F. Grant was born in Oswego, NY. He died in the year 1910. Grant invented the wooden golf tee. He gave some of his inventions to his golf mates. Grant's small invention has become a standard piece of equipment for all games.
9: H William Hale was born in the mid to late 1800s. There are no records showing when he died. William made an aero plane that can go two directions. A different version of his invention is used today. In 1925, William received a patent for the aero plane.
10: I Clifton M. Ingram was born in the mid to late 1800s. There are no records that say when he died. In 1925, Ingram invented a drilling tool and a railroad crossing flag. Both of these items are still used today.
11: J Thomas L. Jennings was born in 1791. He died in 1856. Jennings invented the first dry cleaning machine. His invention is still used today. Jennings was the first African American to hold a U.S. patent.
12: K Mary B. Kenner was born in 1922. She invented the new and improved bathroom tissue holder. Almost everyone has a tissue holder in their home. Kenner was injured severely at the age of six. She was burned and was not expected to live long. She proved the doctors wrong and lived for many years.
13: L Joseph Lee was born in 1849 and died in 1905. That means he died when he was only 56! He tried many jobs like a baker, a cook, and a waiter. He eventually became the owner of two restaurants. His inventions also had to do with cooking. One day he became very mad that people wasted so much bread. so he invented two machines that would help. He invented the bread kneader and the bread crumblier. Both of his inventions are still used today. But it has been improved many times. When he died he sold his machines to the Boston Hotel.
14: M Alexander Miles was born in 1838. He died around 1905. He lived in Rock Tavern, NY. He built the very first automatic mechanism that closed assess to elevator shafts. Then he built elevator doors that closed easily. His invention is still used today.
15: N Lyda Newman was born in New York on March 7, 1756. She died in 1853. Newman invented the hairbrush. A lot of people use hairbrushes each day. She invented a hairbrush that was easy to clean and durable.
17: P Alice H. Parker was born in 1919. She died in 1955. She invented a heating furnace. Her invention is still used. A bunch of people use them to heat their homes. They keep people warm when it is cold out. She has visited many places like Chicago, Columbia, and parts of NC.
19: R The military should be very grateful to Andre Reboucas. Andre invented the torpedo. He served in the military. He was born in 1838 and died in 1898. The torpedo is a device that you throw in the water near an enemy's ships--in a couple of seconds it will explode! It is very useful for the military because they can sink enemy ships. If I could pick my own army, it would have to have Andre. Is the torpedo still used today? YES! They use torpedos in times of war. After Andre retired from the military, he became a teacher. He worked at Polytechnic School and became very wealthy.
20: S Henry Sampson was born in 1934. His hometown is Jackson, Mississippi. He worked in China Lake. He invented a Gamma-Electrical cell. Sampson patented his work.
21: T Valerie Thomas was born in 1964. She retired from NASA in1995. She was the author of several books. She invented a TV transmitter.
22: U Dr.Patick Usoro is a technical fellow at the General Motors R&D center in Warren, Michigan. He joined GM in 1985. He has led technical innovations in power train, dynamics and control, transmission, and hybrid systems. Usoro invented a family of transmissions for GM.
23: V Simon Vincent invented the first woodworking machine. The woodworking machine was patented on December 7, 1920.
24: W Granville T. Woods was born in Columbus, Ohio. He was born April 23, 1856. He died on January 30, 1910. He invented more than a dozen devices to improve electric railway. He also improved cars. He was awarded more than 60 awards in his lifetime.
25: Y James E. Young is a Professor of Physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He invented the battery performance control.