S: Ancient China
FC: WELCOME TO ANCIENT CHINA
2: Ancient China By A. Harms 2010
3: Table of Contents Who were the Rulers of Ancient China? Page 4 - 5 What were the Social Classes of Ancient China? Page 6 - 7 Types of Government Pages 8 - 9
4: Rulers Rulers of Ancient China were called emperors. They may have come into rule by either their dad dying or by fighting and winning the dynasty. Some of the emperors ruled as a Monarchy with their royal family. Most of the time the rulers acted more like a Dictatorship deciding things that were best for them and not always for the people. However the Qin Dynasty ruled as a oligarchy. Dynasties are their families. Examples of the dynasties that ruled in Ancient China are the Chin Dynasty and Chou Dynasty.
7: Social Classes Shi-Gentry Scholars: Were men who were aristocratic scholars who studied to have a position of rank. They were respected for their knowledge. Nong-Peasant Farmers: Owned farmland growing crops that fed society and also paid taxes. Gong - Artisans and Craftsman: This class of people made things. They were respected for being able to make things for everyone to use. Gang - Merchants and Traders: This class of people were not respected because they do not own land, make things, or have knowledge. These people were the ones that traded the goods. However, they could become rich by trading and then could pay for education or buy land to gain respect.
9: Types of Government Monarchy: One ruler at the head of the government. Dictatorship: Ruler assumes absolute power. Oligarchy: Rule in which power rest in a small group of people that comes from royalty, wealth family ties, or military control. Theocracy: Rule in the name of god. Democracy: Rule by elected representatives with a balance in power. Republic: Ruled by elected representatives. Ancient Chinese government varied depending on the dynasty that ruled between all of these types of government except for Democracy.