S: My First Mixbook!
1: Civics & Government The leaders and law makers of ancient Egypt were called Pharaohs. They made very strict laws with very dire consequences.
2: The Pharaohs had eight books of laws that they created and enforced. The Pharaohs had helpers called officials. They were very similar to what we know as police officers. They helped catch criminals. The strict laws were feared by many.
4: History Egypt was one of the oldest civilizations. The earliest evidence of humans in Egypt was 500,000-700,000 years ago. They have pyramids over 4,500 years old.
5: Some of the famous landmarks are the Red Sea and the Mediteiranean Sea. The Nile river is also in Egypt. Another important landmark was the Pyramids of Giza. It was built for the King Khufu. Egypt had many different periods of time. The first was called the Late Predynastic, then the Early Dynastic, then Old Kingdom, then First Intermediate period, then Middle Kingdom. Followed by Second Intermediate Period, then new Kingdom, then Third Intermediate Period and finally the Late Period. Pharaohs had a lot of power until the old kingdom. Then Noblemen became more powerful.
6: Geography Egypt is located in the continent of Africia.
7: The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land, the 'black land' and the 'red land'. The black land was used for growing crops. The red land is where nothing grew, but it protected them from neighboring countries and invading armies. They could also find metals and stones on this side. Egypt is mostly desert and has very hot summers and moderate winters. The climate in ancient Egypt is very hot and dry.
8: Economics There was no form of currency in ancient Egypt untl the "Very late era."
9: In ancient Egypt people traded instead of using money. The ancient Egyptians traded with other cultures like ancient Rome and Greece. Some things they traded were pottery vases and cloth. Things that were imported were luxury items such as horses, cattle, cedar wood, and small animals.
10: Culture and Society Religion was very important to the ancient Egyptians.
11: Religion was basically traditions and customs. The religion of most people in ancient Egypt was Polytheistic. They believed in many Gods. They believed in over 700 different Gods. Most of Egyptian's religious life was influenced by the performance of music and dance. The ancient Egyptians loved celebrations. Egyptians made calendars to record the dates of birthdays, festivals, feasts, and holidays. These calendars were inscribed on the walls of many temples.