S: Bleeding, Bloody Kansas
FC: Bleeding, Bloody Kansas | By: Mr. Cammock
1: Slavery | Slavery | We know that slavery is a very big issue before the Civil War. One of the big things that is happening is that when new states enter, the government has to decide whether the state will have slaves or not.
2: The Missouri Compromise originally decided territory
3: But then the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 came along and NULLIFIED the Missouri Compromise.
4: The Missouri Compromise used lines of longitude and latitude to say which states were free or not.
5: The Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854 used POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY to decide whether a state would allow slavery or not in the Kansas or Nebraska territories.
6: Because slavery was such a big issue, people were trying anything to get votes for or against slavery. There are two groups: the free-soilers and pro-slavery.
7: Border Ruffians | Remember Missouri is a slave state. When people started to vote on whether or not Kansas should be free people called "BORDER RUFFIANS" came from Missouri to try and steal votes to make Kansas a slave state.
8: There were free-staters coming from different ABOLITIONIST states too. They were trying to make Kansas a free-state.
9: This brought a great deal of violence to Kansas.. John Brown would lead free-soilers against the pro-slavery citizens.. Border ruffians would attack free-soilers and burn down a free-soil hotel. | JOHN BROWN
11: After the Border Ruffians burned down the free-soil hotel there was a huge fight in Congress. Preston Brooks of South Carolina viciously attacked Charles Sumner of Massachusetts. Brooks beat Sumner with his cane and Sumner was blinded by his own blood! Brooks continued to beat Sumner until his cane broke and Sumner was unconscious.
12: This attack in Congress led to John Brown's attack in Kansas. John Brown and his 4 sons led 7 pro-slavery men from their homes and killed them with swords. John Brown continued to fight pro-slavery citizens.
13: Two governments are formed in Kansas, but only one is actually recognized. The fighting will continue in Kansas throughout the Civil War. Kansas will be part of the Union during the Civil War.
14: THE END...