FC: World HIstory | In 1981
1: Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman to sit on the U.S. Supreme Court. Subsequent changes, such as the appointment of Anthony Scalia to the Court and of William Rehnquist to Chief Justice, mark the turning of the Court to a more conservative judicial stance.
2: After 444 days in captivity, American hostages in Iran are released by the Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini.
3: Both Pope John Paul II and President Reagan are wounded in assassination attempts. U.S. press secretary James Brady, severely wounded in the latter attack, will become the namesake of a bill advocating greater gun control.
4: President Reagan proposed the largest peacetime military build-up in US history, 180 billion dollar expansion over a six year period. The build-up included the B-1 bomber, the B-2 stealth bomber and an array of conventional weapons programs. Part of the build-up included the beginning of the Star Wars Defensive Missile program, which was highly controversial. Some believed that it would seriously destabilize the nuclear balance. Others felt that it would not be effective. Many analysts today, however, believe that the buildup convinced the Soviets that they would no longer be able to compete, especially in the area of smart munitions, and thus the Soviet military was willing to support Glasnost
5: In 1981 U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. made agreements to limit making Nuclear Weapons .In 1981 U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. made agreements to limit making Nuclear Weapons. President Brezhnev announces March 16 that the Soviet Union is halting the deployment of new nuclear missiles in Europe and says Americans are evading serious negotiations on strategic-arms limitations. U.S. officials dismiss the unilateral move as a propaganda ploy; President Reagan outlines a two-phase proposal for arms reduction May 9, with each superpower being allowed 850 ballistic missiles (down from 2,350 for the Soviet Union, 1,700 for the United States), long-range bombers to remain at present levels of 400 for the United States, 350 for the USSR, and a reduction in the number of Soviet SS-18 land-based missiles. U.S.-Soviet negotiations on limiting medium-range nuclear weapons in Europe resume at Geneva
6: Egypt's president Anwar el-Sadat cracks down on dissidents; has 1,600 arrested in a single night in September; and falls victim to Islamic extremists who assassinate him at Cairo October 6 while he is watching a parade of troops.
7: AIDS is the final, life-threatening stage of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The name refers to the fact that HIV severely damages the immune system, the body's most important defense against disease. Cases of AIDS were first identified in 1981 in the United States, but researchers have detected HIV in a specimen collected in 1959 in central Africa. Millions of AIDS cases have been diagnosed worldwide.
8: On April 12 U.S. astronauts John W. Young and Robert L. Crippen begin the first mission of the space shuttle, STS-1, in Columbia, the Space Transportation System's first reusable space shuttle. The mission was marked the first touchdown of a U.S. spacecraft to land.
9: Men's Singles at the 1981 Wimbledon Open Tennis. Second seeded John McEnroe defeated the top seeded Bjorn Borg to get the title. The first set was won by Borg but McEnroe fought back to win it. | In the final of the Women's Singles at the 1981 Wimbledon Tennis Tournament, Chris Evart Lloyd of the United States defeated Hana Mandlikova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2.
10: The first adventure game made on the computer was Zork it was like dungeons and dragons but on a computer. | IBM brings out an early version of an office computer. The first portable computer from Osborne that sold over 20 million pieces.
11: References | http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1980http:/ www.answers.com/topic/1981 http://www.multied.com/20th/1980.html http://www.history.com/wt.do?century=1900&decade=1980&year=1980http://