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Early American Presidents

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BC: ABOUT THE AUTHOR Carson Hula, 13, is a 7th grade student at Richfield Springs Central School. Be sure to read other MixBook titles on Early American History topics written by some of his Social Studies classmates.

FC: Early American Presidents By-Carson Hula | 3 American Presidents from the time period of 1789-1860

1: Many dynamic Presidents presided in office in the first years of American History, 1789-1860. Three stand out in particular, either in their legacy, accomplishments, and/or impact on American history. These Presidents were- James Monroe, James K. Polk, and Zachary Taylor. Turn the page and discover 3 of America's greatest to take office..... | Introduction

2: James Monroe | BIO INFORMATION James Monroe, our 5th President, was born in 1758 in Virginia. He was well-educated, and he fought for the Continental Army in the Revolution, after which he studied law and went into politics. He served 2 terms, and he died just 6 years after his time of office ended, in 1831. ACCOMPLISHMENTS Monroe was an active Founding Father, and was elected President in 1817. During his first term in office, the Missouri Compromise, which temporarily settled the dispute over slavery in the new territories, was passed.

3: James Monroe | Monroe's most famous endeavor was the Monroe Doctrine, which instructed the European Powers and America to leave the fledgling Latin-American countries alone and not to colonize them, among other warnings and instructions. | JVBBVHBVBVBV | LEGACY/IMPACT Monroe was most famous for his creating of the Monroe Doctrine (which kept the US and other powers from colonizing Latin America), passing the Missouri Compromise, and his being a key Founding Father prior to his Presidency.

4: JAMES K. POLK | BIO INFORMATION James Knox Polk was born in 1795, and was raised and educated in North Carolina. He served as House speaker and Tennessee governor. He was the "dark horse" candidate for the Democrats in the 1844 Presidential election. Polk served 1 term (1845-1849) and died the same year he left office. | ACCOMPLISMENTS Polk, our 11th President had a very active time in office. He was a supporter Manifest Destiny, over which two major issues sprang up during his single term- the Mexican-American War and the dispute with Britain over the Oregon Territory. Polk led America through the War, after which he secured California, New Mexico, and other vast new Southwest territories from Mexico in 1848. Also, he obtained most of the Oregon Territory from Britain, averting a war with them too Polk expanded America's borders to the Pacific. .

5: LEGACY/IMPACT Polk is considered one of the most productive and successful Presidents; his legacy-being the President that expanded our borders to the Pacific, and led us through the Mexican-American War.

6: James K. Polk (cont.) and the Mexican American War | James Polk served a single term in office. It is an interesting note that his successor, Zachary Taylor, was a top general in the U.S. Army during the Mexican-American War.

7: Below is a map of lands fought over and won by the Americans (under General Taylor and President Polk) in the Mexican-American War. America obtained the future states of Utah, California, New Mexico, parts of Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona, and other territories from Mexico in 1848 for $15 Million.

8: Zachary Taylor | ACCOMPLISMENTS The main national issue during Taylor's 16-Month term was the debate over slavery in America's newly acquired territories. Taylor, however, died in office before the issue could be fully resolved. | BIO INFORMATION Zachary Taylor, our 12th President, was born in 1784 in Virginia. He had a long career in the military, being a famous commander and general in the Mexican- American war. Taylor was a member of the ill-fated Whig party.

9: Zachary Taylor (cont.) | LEGACY/IMPACT Zachary Taylor had almost no Presidential legacy. He died in office on July 9th, 1850, and was succeeded by his Vice President, Millard Fillmore. The famous Compromise of 1850, which settled the territorial slavery debate, was passed after Taylor's death, canceling out a big part of his legacy. He will mainly be remembered as a former famous U.S. general with a short-lived time in office.

10: CONCLUSION AND FINAL THOUGHTS You have seen 3 of our most notable-and possibly least known- Presidents of the early days of our nation- James Monroe, James K. Polk, and Zachary Taylor. Theirs were turbulent times, and these leading figures prevailed. Each left their own legacy and impact; achieved different things; and were unique. For that, they deserve to be known as....

11: the GREATEST

12: CITATIONS- INFO Search-James Monroe; Updated-2009; Website Name-The White House Website; Date-5/21/12 Search-James K. Polk; Website Name- Infoplease.com; Updated-2007; Date-5/23/12 Search-James K. Polk; Updated-2009; Website Name-The White House Website; Date-5/22/12 Search-Zachary Taylor; Updated-2012; Website Name-The Miller Center; Date-5/23/12

13: IMAGES GOOGLE IMAGES-Search-James K. Polk coin; Updated-2012; Website Name-US Mint.gov http://www.usmint.gov/mint_programs/$1coin/index.cfm?action=JKPolk Date- 5/24/12 GOOGLE IMAGES- Search-Mexican-American War; Updated-2012; Website Name-Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican–American_War ; Date-5/24/12 Search-Zachary Taylor; Updated-2012; Website Name-The Miller Center; Date-5/23/12 GOOGLE IMAGES-Search-Zachary Taylor; Updated-2009; Website Name- The US Mint.com http://www.usmint.gov/whats_new/coinsonline/?action=Nov2009; Date-5/24/12 Search-James K. Polk; Website Name- Infoplease.com; Updated-2007; Date-5/23/12

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