S: The Australian Gold Rush
BC: This book will inform you on the wonderful and amazing Gold Rush of Victoria Australia.
FC: The Gold Rush Australia
1: Contents page 1. introduction page 2&3. what is gold? page 4&5. When did the Gold Rush Begin page 6&7. living conditions page 8&9 education page 10&11 what tools were used page 12&13 the animals page 14&15 food page 16&17 clothing page 18&19 Overview | Introduction The Gold Rush was one of Australia's most known parts in history. It started in 1865 when many people found Gold in Victoria and started a rush of people from all over the world traveling to Australia in search of Gold and a fortune. | Page 1
2: What is Gold? Gold is a mineral dug from the ground it is of great value and only a small amount can be worth hundreds of dollars.
4: How did the Gold Rush Begin In 1823 gold was discovered by a surveyor in Bathurst. Years later after more discovers of gold at Bathurst and Ballarat hundreds of gold seekers from all over the world packed up sold their houses and moved to the new found gold fields. Villages became empty as so many people got the feeling of Gold Fever (this is when you are seeking fortune from gold) gold digging license were necessary otherwise you could get beaten by officers or you gold taken tot he Government. In 1827th of August miners protested about the right to mine without license. Australia's populations grew rapidly during the Gold Rush times.
6: Gold Fields Housing At first in the gold fields canvas tents were homes but after a while people found the need for more stable and permanent structures so they built huts out of tree bark, small trees, tree trunks twigs mud and reed. Also a series of tools were used like an Axe a shovel some carving tools hammer and nails were all used to construct a hut.
8: Education in the Gold Fields Education in the Gold fields at first was not great it was often a small hut made of chopped downed trees or mud. It was either a hut or a teachers home and sometimes a couple of benches under a tree. In the 1800 when education in the gold fields became more popular parents paid teachers a couple of penny's a day to educate their children. children ages 6 to 14 could attend primary school and learn arithmetic reading and witting but also the most popular subjected taught was politeness and obedience. As punishment there were many rather cruel punishments for boys was a smack on the rear with a cane and for girls the punishment was a slap on the arm or leg. Children were punished for being dirty and cleanliness inspections were taken every morning before school began. In the 1870 state schools were set up and were provided money from the government to educate children in the golf fields.
10: What tools were used for mining gold? Many different tools were used for mining gold in the 18 century. One of the most common tools and the most popular tools were the pick Axe and the gold pan. The Pick Axe was used in shaft mines to pick away at rock to uncover gold, also used in a mine shaft was a shovel and a cradle sometimes. A gold pan was used to mine Alluvial mines by searching and sifting through sand in water to find gold. The tool that was used in both Alluvial and Shaft mining was the wheelbarrow, a wheelbarrow was used to move and carry large amounts of dirt from the mines and also to carry gold in.
12: The animals of the gold rush! Camels were the most common used animal in the era of the gold rush,they were used to carry water often and were chosen to be used because they can survive so long with out water. the native animals were koalas, emus,kangaroos and the platypus all these animals live in Victoria Australia!
14: Food The food in the gold fields was not a 5 star meal. The most eaten items were mutton damper which is a mixture of self raising flour , salt milk butter and water cooked over a camp fire. (try making some damper at home) | Drinks There were no cocktails in the time of the gold rush, most of the time people drank tea because the water was to dirty to drink.
16: Clothing Many Ladies in the gold fields wore bonnets. They also wore ankle long dresses with sheep skin or wool shales when it got cooler, they wore knee high boots and small heeled shoes indoors. The miners wore wide brimmed hats to protect them selves from the sun. They also wore lines shirts either linen or cotton, often two shirts were wore to keep them warm. The miners trousers were made of twill cloth or wool. High leather boots were also wore to protect there legs when mining. Babies were dressed in soft fabrics and dressed in swaddling blankets also made from soft sheep wool.
17: This is traditional Gold Rush Family.
18: Overview The Victorian Gold Rush was an amazing and large moment in Australian history. It brought much success to the Australian economy and population. It is a truly amazing era in Australia's history