S: Civil War FAP
BC: the end of the book questions anyone
FC: Innovations, Improvements, Inventions, on Artillery and Ammunition
1: Rifled Muskets!! Fired Minie Balls and had Better accuracy than a musket in the 1700's. They had a firing range of 1000 yards.
2: Minie Ball... Huge Improvement on this one!!! This bullet would expand when trigger on rifle was fired. When opponent was hit by this bullet if hit in the shoulder blade, it would shatter it and part of the rib cage and if at a certain range, it would also shatter your pelvis bone. | The minie ball was also smaller than the barrel of the rifle and when fired, it would spiral out of the the barrel.
3: BAYONETS...DIFFERENT? Bayonets used to be a straight sharp blade. During the war, they became triangular and that meant they were more deadly than the old one. | PERCUSSION CAPS...NEW? Yes indeed they were an invention. Percussion caps were better than the gun powder and sounded like a firecracker when hit by the hammer.
4: Siege Guns!! Siege guns were also called "rifles". Made out of iron and weighed up to 6000 lbs. Were actually cannons in areas with fields such as Gettysburg where 290 cannons were used in the 3 day battle.
5: Seacoast Cannons!! They were anchored into the ground and are very similar to siege guns.Cannons could be used on Ironclad warships as well as on land. These types of cannons were very powerful.
6: Ammunition...Has it changed? Yes indeed, cannons and other types of guns became more accurate than ever before. The bullets or cannon balls also became more what we call aerodynamic. They also used less of the old cannon balls and more of the aerodynamic kind because it reached farther distance and it was more explosive, too. | Ammunition....Ready...Fire!!! Another innovation was the ammunition. If the bullet exploded and didn't hit anything they would be flying through the air like mini meteors and once it hit opponent (soldier), the hit would be like a huge bayonet, not triangular but rugged, and then the soldier would be severely wounded or dead more likely.
7: Ironclads...What are they and what are they made of and how much do they weigh? | Confederacy's CSS Virginia | Union's (USA)USS Monitor | ANSWER TO QUESTION ABOVE: Ironclads are the first ships to be made out of steel; iron and this was one of the best inventions during the Civil War. The USS Monitor weighed 1,003 tons. The CSS Virginia weighed approximately 4500 tons. | Battle Scene of the CSS Virginia and USS Monitor