S: Interesting Information on First Americans By: Olivia Honeck
BC: The Adena people lived from 1000 BC to @200 BC.
FC: Interesting Information on the first Americans
1: The Adena lived mainly in the central Ohio Valley, but were also scattered through out Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania.
2: Great surpent mound | Shrum mound | The Adena were mound builders. Their mounds were usually used as burial structures called conical mounds. Their conical mounds were used as part of a burial ritual. The mound was piled on top of a building where they burned their dead called a mortuary building. The Adena mounds were also used for ceremonial sites, historic markers and maybe even gathering places. The mounds were built using hundreds of thousands of baskets of selected and graded Earth. These mounds were once stood away from were people lived.
3: The Adena culture was named for their large mound on Thomas Worthington's 19th century estate called "Adena" in Chillicothe, Ohio. | Thomas Worthington | His estate
4: A typical Adena house was built in a circle formation from 15-45 feet in diameter.The walls were made of paired posts tilted outward joined to other wood to make a cone shaped roof. Then the roof was covered with bark and the walls were then covered with bark or wickerwork or both.
5: The Adena pottery is some what plain. It was made out of crushed limestone. The designs on the pottery usually made from fabric though some do have a diamond shape pressed into them.
6: For food the Adena hunted deer, elk, black bear, woodchuck, beaver, porcupine, turkey, rabbit, and local fresh water fish.
7: The Adena gathered hickory nuts, walnuts, fresh water clams, and gooseberries.THe Adena were farmers.They cultivated pumpkins, squash, sunflowers, and goosefoot. | Hickory nuts | gooseberries | goosefoot | Fresh water clams
8: For weapons the Adena used spearheads, bow and arrows, and spears to hunt with.
9: The Adena used rougher slab-like stones with chipped edges as hoes for planting crops.bones and antlers were mostly used to make combs or beads. Spoons and beads were made from the marine conch shell. They used stone axes to chop wood. Only a few copper axes have been found, other wise the metal was hammered to make bracelets, rings, and beads.
11: The Adena got most of their clothing from their surroundings. Like animal hides.They also made costumes out of deer antlers, both real and made out of copper, wolf, deer, and mountain lion jawbones and many other objects. These costumes were used to symbolize the transformation from humans to animals- usually birds, wolves, beers, and deer. Then back into human form.
12: The Adena people traded a lot evidenced by the wide selection of artifacts found in their mounds. Copper from the Great lakes, mica from the Carolinas, and shells from the Gulf of Mexico.
13: Archaeologists have come to believe that the Adena didn't have a writing system.