S: Combodia - The Killing Fields ~ By: Melissa & Liji
BC: By: Melissa, Liji, & Raluca
FC: COMBODIAN GENOCIDE | The Killing Fields
2: Cambodia is a country in Eastern Asia.
3: It was once the center of an ancient kingdom of khmer, with its capital of Angkor. Today its capital is Phnom Penh. In 1953 Cambodia gained independence from the french. By the 1960's most of the country was buddhist, had 7 million people, and was ruled by a monarch named Prince Sihanouk. By 1970 Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by a military coup. The new government was a lieutenant-general, Lon Nol.
4: He became the president of the Khmer Republic. During this time Prince Sihanoul and his followers joined forces with a communist organisation founded in 1960. It was known as Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge attacked Lon Nol's army and the war began. Cambodia was also caught up in a war with Vietnam. Vietnam was divided between the communist north and the pro-western south. The fought against each other and brought misery to who ever was caught up in it. During the next four years about 750,000 Cambodians were killed who were suspected of supplying the north vietnamese. In 1975 North Vietnamese forces took over south Vienam's capital Saigon. Also during that year Lon Nol was defeated by the Khmer Rouge.
5: Vietnam War
7: Pol Pot was in leadership within days of overthrowing the government. The Khmer Rouge organised their plan. An extremist programme to reconstruct Cambodia (Kampuchea) into a communist model of Mao's China. They believed the population should be made to work as labourers on collective farms. Anyone that was against it or educated, were to be eliminated. This included all the un-communist aspects of traditional Cambodia society. Being under threat of death the people of Cambodia were forced to leave their homes. This included the ill, disabled, old and very young were forced out. No one made an exception. Those who refused to leave and who would'nt obey orders were killed.
9: Children were taken from their parents and placed in different labour camps. Anything like factories, schools, universities, hospitals were shut down. People with any type of profession were murdered. Things like religion, music and radio sets were banned.
10: CHILDERN PLACED IN CAMPS OR
13: People were killed if they cried, laughed, wore glasses, or knew another language. Those that escaped death were put to work in the camps. Working long hours, and living in unhealthy standards, was enough to make many people sick.
15: Estimated people that have died is over 2 million.
16: Today we see all that has been left behind by this Genocide.
17: We remember the gursome history of the Cambodians.
19: Remembering the fallen by these monuments. Sliently paying our respects.