FC: Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells
1: A cell is a basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms. It is composed of one or multiple cells. All cells are derived from other cells.
3: Prokaryotic Cell Structures Capsule-polysaccharide layer, protects Nucleoid-DNA center Cytoplasm-gel-like, fluid throughout the cell Cell Wall-outermost layer of the cell, provides shape & support Plasma Membrane-multiple membranes, controls what enters & leaves Ribosomes-builds proteins Pilli-hair-like, attachment Flagella-long appendage, motility Cytoplasmic Membrane-lipid bilayer, transports ions, nutrients, & waste
5: Eukaryotic (animal) Cell Structures Chromatin-DNA & protein, located in the nucleus Nucleus-control center Golgi complex-packages, secretes, & synthesizes Lysosome-holds enzymes that breaks down waste Plasma Membrane-double layer of phospolipids, semi-permeable Endoplasmic Reticulum-transport proteins, lipid synthesis Ribosomes-small particles made up of rRNA & proteins Cytosol-fluid component of the cytoplasm Vesicle-small bubble or sac Centriole-small cylindrical microtubles, aids in cell division Mitochondria-fuel center Microtubles-hollow rods, gives support & shape
7: Eukaryotic (plant) Cell Structures The plant cell is composed of the same organelles as the animal cell, with the addition of the Vacuole, also present in some animal cells, and Chloroplast. Chloroplast-contains chlorophyll, site of photosynthesis Vacuole-intercellular digestion & disposal of cellular waste