BC: Works Cited "The Crusades." Lion Television. 2007. 26 Feb 08
FC: Religious Persecution
1: The Jews faced religious persecution and 400 years of slavery under the pharoahs of ancient Egypt, until they were led out of the land by their prophet, Moses. Later, problems arose between the Jews and Romans concerning the Ten Commandments.
2: Christianity was founded in the early 1st century AD, with the teaching, miracles, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. Today it is the largest religion in the world, with around 2 billion followers.
3: The persecution of Christians began around 64 A.D in the Roman Kingdom. Although the religion was thought to be odd at first, wide scale persecution started after Nero blamed the burning of Rome on them. For almost two centuries Christians were fed to lions, burned at the stake, and generally discriminated against. Only the rise of Constantine in 337 A.D. put an end to the death toll of over 100,000 and made the Roman Empire safe for Christians
4: The Crusades was a series of holy wars fought in the late 1000s to the middle 1300s. These wars started after the Turkish people began harrassing and even killing some of the Jewish people. In order to protect the Holy Land of both the Christian and Jewish people, thousands of warriors traveled to Isreal to fight the Turks. Eventually it turned into a battle between the Christians and the Muslims with a big emphasis on faith.
5: The Spanish Inquisition began in the 15th century. The primary targets were originally people who practiced Judaism and Islam, and eventually Protestants and Greek Orthodox Christians.
7: In 1526, the Spanish reached Peru. They were shocked by the gruesome religious ceremonies of the Incas. Disease and civil war had weakened the Inca Empire, and Francisco Pizarro used all of these to his advantage. By 1531, the Incan Empire had been destroyed, and Peru had been taken by Spain.
9: Many of the British North American colonies that eventually formed the United States of America were settled in the seventeenth century by men and women, who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise passionately held religious convictions and fled Europe. The New England colonies, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were conceived and established "as plantations of religion."
10: The People's Republic of China has recently banned the religious group Falun Gong, and there have been reports of members being sent to torture camps, along with other human rights abuse.