BC: Thank You for reading hope you enjoyed it and learned something.
3: Martin Luther King Jr. •Martin Luther King Jr. was born January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia and died on April 4, 1968. •King's nonviolent doctrine was strongly influenced by the teachings of Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi. •In 1954 Selected as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama •In 1955 Received his Ph.D. in systematic theology from Boston University •During 1955-1956 Led a successful effort to desegregate Montgomery, Alabama, buses •In 1963 Wrote 'Letter from Birmingham Jail,' arguing that it was his moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws •In 1965 organized a mass march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, that created national support for federal voting-rights legislation.
5: Oprah Winfrey •Oprah Gail Winfrey was born January 29, 1954 in Kosciusko, Mississippi •When Oprah Winfrey lived with her mother in Milwaukee, some male relatives and family acquaintances took advantage of the girl sexually. Winfrey ran away frequently to escape the sexual abuse. She became pregnant when she was fourteen and gave birth to a premature baby boy. The baby died two weeks later. •Oprah was included in the Forbes Billionaire list. She was the first African American woman to be included in the prestigious list. •Even though Oprah Winfrey came from a poor, disadvantaged upbringing, she has managed to accumulate quite a fortune. In 2004, her personal net worth was estimated to be more than $1.1 billion. In 2006, that number had increased to $1.5 billion. •Oprah Winfrey holds a talk show and speaks about different issues in the world.
7: Mahatma Gandhi •He was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India •He was married when he was 13 years old to Kasturbai Makanji He had two children. •During the freedom struggle, he wore nothing but a loin cloth , but for years he lived in London and used to wear a silk hat and spats and carried a cane •He spent most of his time fighting for the independence of India. •He led the Salt March to protest against the British. •He went to Law School in London. •He had a Law Office in South Africa. •Never traveled to the United States but has influenced many Americans such as Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr. •Gandhi was killed on January 30, 1948.
9: Nelson Mandela •Nelson Mandela’s original name was Rolihlahla Mandela. (Nelson was added later.) He was born in “Black” Transkei, Africa on July 18, 1918 •He was sent to boarding school and later to Fort Hare Missionary College. He was expelled from college for helping to organize a strike against the white colonial rule of the institution. He then became involved in other protests against the white colonial rule. In doing so he set out for personal and national liberation. He ran away from home to avoid an arranged marriage. Later, he graduated from the University of South Africa with a degree in law. He joined a law firm as an apprentice •In 1942,Nelson joined the African National Congress (ANC), which, at the time, was polite to the government. Soon Nelson Mandela had persuaded the ANC to use boycotts and strikes against the government instead of being polite. He was arrested for civil disobedience, and was not allowed to attend gatherings •In his spare time, Nelson Mandela studied to become a lawyer so that he could protect blacks. Work as a lawyer strengthened his feelings against apartheid (which segregated and discriminated against blacks in South Africa). Nelson was particularly active during the 1950’s. •He was arrested for going between countries without a passport, and was tried for sabotage and attempting to overthrow the government. He spent the next 28 years in prison. Before going to prison he said, “Make every home, every shack or rickety structure into a learning center.”
11: Barack Obama •He is bi-racial. He was born to a Kenyan father and a white American mother. In his book Dreams From My Father he writes that he barely noticed the racial difference between his mum and dad in his young age •He was born in Honolulu, Hawaii but went to live in Indonesia with his mum when the parents divorced. There he was introduced to dog meat, snake meat, and roasted grasshopper. •After his 1979 high school graduation, Barack moved to Los Angeles to attend Occidental College. He studied there for two years and then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in Political Science and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1983. •After graduation, Barack worked in New York at Business International Corporation and New York Public Interest Research Group before returning to Chicago, where he became a community organizer with a church-based group which worked to improve living conditions in poor neighborhoods. •He entered Harvard Law School in 1988, where he was elected the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review in its 104-year history.