FC: The Six Essential Elements of Geography By: Emily Hatfield January 21, 2011
1: What is Geography? | Geography is the study of Earth's surface, land features and it's people.
2: There are six essential elements of geography. They are: | #1-The World In Spatial Terms #2-Places and Regions #3-Physical Systems #4-Human Systems #5-Environment and Society #6-The Uses of Geography
4: THE WORLD IN SPATIAL TERMS | This means how people, and places of the Earth are connected because of their locations. There are two types of locations - absolute and relative. Absolute means exactly where something is located. Relative describes the location by other things that are near it.
5: If you were going to tell your friend how to get to your house, you could give your friend exact directions, like two miles left on Maple Street, turn left on Pine Road. This would be the absolute location. If you told your friend that you live close to the old Pine School, that would be the relative location.
6: PLACES AND REGIONS | A place is somewhere on Earth with physical and human meaning. A region is larger than a place and is made up of places that are similar to one another. There are three types of regions: formal, functional and perceptual.
7: A formal region is defined by common characteristics. A functional region is a central place and the areas connected to it by transit systems. A perceptual region is defined by popular feelings and images.
8: PHYSICAL SYSTEMS | Physical systems are things that happen to cause the Earth's surface to change. These are like floods, hurricanes and volcanoes. When these things happen they can change the surface of the Earth.
9: The flood in New Orleans changed the way their town looks and the hurricanes in Florida have changed the way it looks there.
10: HUMAN SYSTEMS | Human systems mean that people change the Earth. They do this by settling it, forming societies, and migrating. People also bring new ideas and goods to places.
12: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY | The Earth is also changed by the environment and society. Geographers study the ways we use our environment, how and why we changed it and what the results are. Things such as mountains and deserts keep people from changing the environment.
14: THE USES OF GEOGRAPHY | Geography is important because it shows us where people live and how to get to those places. It helps us understand the way the Earth looks and why. It also helps us understand the people who live in those places.
15: The people who study geography are called geographers. They provide important information about the Earth's changing features and the people who live on it.
16: BIBLIOGRAPHY | ~Boehm, Richard C., (2005) Glencoe World Geography Book Mcgraw Hill Companions inc. | ~All images taken from Google images