BC: THE END | Moorea (Max) Friend
1: It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in 1920, from the Swahili words tanga (sail) and nyika (bright arid plain). The population of Tanzania is 44,841,226
2: Tanzania was cradle to some of the earliest hominids on earth, made famous by the discoveries of Louis and Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge. Within the borders of Tanzania co-exist approximately120 ethnic groups speaking languages representing all four major African Language groups. Because of unique combination of historic and cultural factors, Tanzanians share strong feelings of nation pride and cohesion. The sense of nationalism has kept the country at peace for over two decades, while most of its neighbors have been involved in destructive civil and cross-border wars. The Tanzania people have been able to resolve their problems because of the shared languages. PEOPLE
3: GEOGRAPHY Tanzania lies on the east coast of Africa, covering 365,000 square miles. It is just south of the equator. It shares borders with Kenya, Uganda, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, and the Indian Ocean. It is also home to a rich wildlife population. The country is comprised of a wide variety of agro-ecological zones: low lying coastal plains, a dry highland plateau, northern savannas, and cool well watered regions in the northwest and south.
4: Tanzania government is formed under the framework of a unitary presidential democratic republic. The president is elected by the people of the country apart from the other legislative and political parties of the country. There are three branches of government. The executive powers are vested with the government, while the legislative powers are exercised by both parliament and government of Tanzania. The judiciary is independent of both the legislature and the executive body of the government. | GOVERNMENT
5: CURRENT ISSUES/PROBLEMS/SITUATIONS: CRIME: Arusha, Tanzania- Tanzania's Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda said Monday eight suspects have been sentenced to death by hanging for the murder of 60 albinos since a wave of witchcraft killings erupted in 2007. Their body parts were chopped off and sold to witch doctors who concort charms which some believe bring good fortune and prosperity. "This has tarnished Tanzania's image," Pinda added.
6: CURRENT ISSUES CONTINUED: ECOLOGY: In the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, the forests contain the highest density of endangered animals anywhere on earth. Biologists who go there keep finding more and more species. Many of these species cannot be found anywhere else in the world. These species include sunbirds, chameleons, wide-eyed primates called bushbabies, plants and insects. Farmers and loggers have cleared many of the trees, and hunters have eliminated many mammals, like elephants and buffalo. Many of the remaining species are endangered. The destruction of the forests may prove harmful to Tanzania's economy as well. The rivers that flow from the mountains power the dams that supply half the nation's energy. Deforestation may make the water supply less reliable during dry months. The government and conservation groups are working to preserve the remaining forests.
7: SOURCES: www.nationsenccyclopedia.com www.google.com/public data www.everyculture.com www.Tanzania.go.tz/government www.mapsofworld.com www.newyorktimes.com www.tanzanianews.com