FC: The Cold War Issues | Political | Plans | Charts
1: The Cold War was a time of conflict and competition between the US and the Soviet Union. The competition between these two "Super powers" went from sports to military. It was the start of powerful nuclear arms and proxy wars
2: The Truman Doctrine was a proclamation by U.S. President Harry S Truman on March 12, 1947. U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid. | I never did give them hell. I just told the truth, and they thought it was hell. -Harry S Truman April 3 1956
3: The hammer and sickle itself, originate from the unique Russian unity of the peasants (the sickle) with the workers (the hammer) who together formed the Soviet Russian state. | The Red field is symbolism of the blood that has been spilt by workers the world over in the fight for their emancipation.
4: Marshall Plan was the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger foundation for the allied countries of Europe, and repelling communism after World War II.
5: George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880-October 16, 1959), America's foremost soldier during World War II, served as chief of staff from 1939 to 1945, building and directing the largest army in history. A diplomat, he acted as secretary of state from 1947 to 1949, formulating the Marshall Plan, an unprecedented program of economic and military aid to foreign nations. If man does find the solution for world peace it will be the most revolutionary reversal of his record we have ever known. -George C Marshall 1950
6: George F Keenan formulated the policy of "containment," the basic U.S. strategy for fighting the Cold War with the Soviet Union. Kennan's ideas, which became the basis of the Truman administration's foreign policy. "The main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union," Kennan wrote, "must be that of a long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies."
7: The Berlin Airl lift was used for the supply of vital necessities to West Berlin by air transport primarily under U.S. auspices. It was initiated in response to a land and water blockade of the city that had been instituted by the Soviet Union in the hope that the Allies would be forced to habandon West Berlin. The massive effort to supply the 2 million West Berliners with food and fuel for heating
8: Timeline of the Cold War 1950s 1950: June -- Korean War begins 1953: June 19 -- Rosenberg executions 1953: July -- Korean War ends 1954: March -- KGB established 1954 -- CIA helps overthrow unfriendly Iran and Guatemala 1955: May -- Warsaw Pact formed 1956: October - November -- Egypt took control of Suez Canal; U.S. refused to help take it back 1957: October 4 -- Sputnik launched into orbit 1958: November -- Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin