S: Alexis Boswell, Perla Camarillo, Ingrid Ortega
BC: Alexis Boswell Perla Camarillo Ingrid Ortega
FC: The Blackfoot | A
1: History America Indians lived in North America for thousands of years . At one time, the Blackfoot controlled more land than any other Great Plains tribe. Lots of the Algonquian people lived by the Great Lakes. The Blackfoot people settled in what is today present day Minnesota, North Dakota, Michigan and Canada.
3: Social Structure The Blackfoot Indians were made up of four different tribes. The tribes were named the Siksika, Kainah, Pikuni and the Blackfoot. The tribes would travel in groups of twenty or thirty. The men, women, and children would all help with the buffalo hunt.
4: Housing The Blackfoot Indians camped in ice cream cone shaped tents called tepees. The tents were made and designed of buffalo skins stretched over really long wooden poles. Paintings of fantastic warriors and hunters often decorated the plain walls of tepees. They slept on beds of buffalo robes and kept a fire burning so they could have heat.
7: Food The Blackfoot usually ate buffalo meat. The women would pound the meant into a paste mixed the paste with buffalo fat, dried fruit, and seeds, It was called pemmican or jerky. This Pemmican, or jerky was easy to carry from place to place. It could be stored for long periods of time without spoiling.
9: Men and women wore soft animal skin shoes the people called moccasins. The Blackfoot made their clothing from animal skins; usually antelope; deer; or elk. In the winter they wore buffalo skin robes to keep warm. Their head dresses; or warbonnets; were different from those of other tribes. Women wore leggings and ankle length sleeveless dresses decorated with paint; porcupine quills and fringe.
11: The Buffalo Hunt The Blackfoot followed the herds of buffalo across the Great Plains. They would kill buffalo with lances or spears. The Blackfoot usually ate buffalo meat but the men also hunted for mountain sheep, deer, and elk. When there was more buffalo meat than the group could eat right away they would make jerky.
13: Spiritual Life The Blackfoot Indians believed in the Creator God. They believed the Creator God made them and everything in the world. The Blackfoot believed if they honored the Creator God they would have good health and happiness.
15: Traditions Each year the Blackfoot would have the Sun Dance. This was an important religious ceremony. They sang and danced and performed complex rituals. They tribe smoked tobacco in a special medicine pipe. Those who were sick or injured presented offerings to the Creator as they prayed for healing. Young warriors participated in painful tests to prove their strength and endurance.