1: The First Fleet The First Fleet left from Portsmouth on May 13th 1787. The First Fleet had eleven ships which had 749 convicts and 550 other people on them. Captain Arthur Phillip was in charge of the fleet. The ships were the Sirius, the Supply, the Alexander, the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn, the Scarborough, the Prince of Wales and the Friendship. They travelled to the island of Tenerife on June 3rd and they bought supplies. They sailed for two months and they got to Rio de Janeiro and they bought seeds, flowers and silk. | They then sailed for six more weeks and they got to Cape Town. They bought cows, sheep, horses, pigs and goats. After a month they sailed to New South Wales. They sailed into Botany Bay on 20th January 1788. But the bay was too shallow, the soil was bad and the water was not pure. So they went up the coast further. They kept on going up the coast and they got to Port Jackson and they thought it was a great spot for a new colony.