FC: Buddhism | By: Madeleine Sutka and Julia Pappas
1: Buddhism is a great religion because it is not so much a religion at all, but more of a philosophy or way of life. Buddhism gives freedom to accept all religions of the world, and everyone is treated equally. We are opposed to the Caste System and don't believe in social rank. We don't believe in greed because we believe human suffering is caused by human desire. Anyone can reach Nirvana after Reincarnation, a union of divine essence, through meditation. | Why Buddhism is the Right Choice for YOU
3: Holidays and Celebrations | Buddhist New Year: Celebrated in Theravadin countries, Thailand, Buma, Sri Lanka, and Laos. It's a 3 day celebration from first full moon day in April. In Mahayana countries the new year starts on the first full moon day in January. The celebration depends on country or ethnic background. Vesak or Visakah Puja (Buddha Day) : This holiday celebrates Buddha's birth, enlightenment, and death on first full moon day in May. Sangha Day (Magha Puja Day or Fourfold Assembly day) : This holiday commemorates Buddha's visit to Veruvana Monastery in the city of Rajagaha, when 1,250 Arhats spontaneously returned from wanderings to pay respects to Buddha. Celebrated on full moon day of the 3rd lunar month (May). Dhamma Day (Asalna Puja Day) : Commemorates the turning of the wheel of the Dharma. Observance Day (Uposatha) Kathina Ceremony (Robe offerings ceremony) : People give robes to monks and nuns. Festival of Floating Bowls : People bring bowls and float them in river to make their bad luck disappear. Elephant Festival The Festival of the Tooth : Special procession for Buddha's tooth Ancestor Day (Ulambana) : People believed that gates of Hell opened on the 8th lunar month and ghosts visit world for 15 days, and people visit cemeteries to make offerings.
4: Major Cities | India -Bodh Gaya -Sarnath -Sanchi -Ajanta | Nepal -Kapilavastu and Lumbini -Svayambhunath and Bodhnath (Kathmandu) | Thailand -Bangkok and Ayutthaya | Indonesia -Borobudur | Japan -Nara and Kyoto | Sri Lanka -Ahuradhapura -Polonnaruwa | Cambodia -Angkor Wat | Tibet -Lhasa | China - Yung-Kang (Shansi) and Lung-men (Honan) caves
6: Beliefs (Eightfold Path) | Right View | Right Intentions | Right Speech | Right Actions
7: Right Livelihood | Right Effort | Right Concentration | Right Mindfulness
8: Siddharth Gautama (Buddha) | Buddha was born in Siddharth in 563 BCE. He was a prince in northern India, and his father was a king over an Indian tribe called the Shakyas. Buddha's mother died 7 days after giving birth to him. His father sheltered him from religion and human hardship. Buddha was married at 16, as most people were. When Buddha finally left the palace, he was introduced to worldly suffering. For 6 years he lived an ascetic life, studying and meditating, using words of various religious teachers as his guide. Buddha fasted so he could discover how to live his life, but he realized that fasting wouldn't help achieve inner liberation and spiritual release. Once he discovered this, he left the ascetic life and encouraged people to live life humbly. He called this path "The Middle Way." He attained Nirvana when he meditated. After he achieved Nirvana, Buddha became a Boddnisatva at age 35. He traveled, spreading his newfound knowledge. People came to know Buddha as a god, but he didn't consider himself as one.