S: Liberal Heritage
FC: Liberal Heritage
1: Liberalism had its beginnings during the English Civil War in 1642. It was a major political endeavor to fight against religious wars in Europe.
2: John Locke is the man responsible for establishing the intellectual foundations of Liberalism. He has been also known as The Father of Liberalism. He influenced profoundly on the political philosophy of modern liberalism. Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance.
3: Locke revolutionized Liberalism and made it known to everyone that he believed that this was the way others should follow.
4: Amidst revolutions, Liberalism had a profound role. One of the most important documents made in American history during the American Revolution- The Constitution - is notably liberal and revolutionary. During the French Revolution, French society was upturned as privileges disappeared under an assault from liberal political groups and the masses on the streets. | At the same time, Liberals did their best to further civil rights and free markets, as well as free trade as part of the Industrial Revolution.
5: After the revolutionary era, the liberal beliefs were released and were finally formed into the Liberal Party in 1859. William Gladstone was one of the greatest Liberal British prime ministers. Under his management, education was reformed, the Church of Ireland was disestablished and secret ballots for local and parliamentary elections were introduced. But it would not all be good for long. The 20th Century proved to be a turbulent time for liberalism.
6: The success of liberal democracy was on the verge of being undone during the geopolitical turmoil in Europe during the First World War. Although liberalism survived in the end, it only did so by winning against fascism in the Second World War. Then, for the next several decades, liberalism was off to face against communism during the Cold War. The liberal world was radically changed when the Great Depression slammed into America during the 1930s.
7: There was a small amount of new liberalism during the First World War, and here and there in the 19th century, but modern liberalism wasn't fully realized until the Great Depression. At the beginning of the Second World War, the number of democracies around the world was about the same as it had been forty years before. After 1945, liberal democracies spread like wildfire. There were significant gains for liberalism throughout the years. Around 40 countries around the world were known to liberal democracies in 1975, but as 2008, that number had increased to more than 80.