FC: Literary Analysis of To Kill a Mocking Bird By: Aireana Hahn
1: To Kill a Mocking Bird took place in the 1930's in a town called Maycomb, Alabama which is fictional. | Setting | "There was no hurry, for there was no where to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with,nothing to see outside of Maycomb county" (Lee 6).
2: One of the conflicts that has to do with the setting of the story is the Scottsboro Trial. In this event they were taking word from white women without any type of evidence, showing that in that time period African Americans where treated differently because of the color of their skin. | Another conflict i would say they face is since they live in such a small town, word travels fast so everyone knew that Atticus was working on the Tom Robinson trial, and since he was "defending" an African American he was being made fun of. | Conflicts of Setting | "Old Mr. Bob Ewell accused him of rapin' his girl" (Lee 164).
3: 1. One similarity is still today there are people who treat African Americans differently just because of the color they are. Its less now obviously, but it's still there. 2. The Robinson trial was basically really similar to the Scottsboro trial. 3. Even today people still believe in all the rumors they hear, just like Scout and Jem believe that Boo Radley is a really horrible person, and they don't even know him. 4. There are still some cases where they will automatically believe a women over a man just like in the Scottsboro Trial which was a real life event. | Similarities
4: I think it's important to understand the context of the setting because then you can imagine the type of environment they're in, and you can see the times that they lived in. You can see the way things were back then and see how different it is from today. They face different types of conflicts than we have today. | Understanding Setting
5: To Kill a Mockingbird is written in first person point of view, from Scouts perspective. "When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the elbow" (Lee 1). This shows first person point of view because the author used words like my. | Point of View
6: I think Harper Lee wrote this book in Scouts perspective because she wanted to look through the eyes of someone who is innocent. It's also a lot easier to convey a harsh topic like racism through the eyes of a child who is open the the the world, opposed to Atticus who kind of already knows about the topic. Scout is just an innocent child, unaware of the affects that racism have. When people started calling Atticus all of those names for being on the trial, she was nothing but shocked. She was raised to be innocent and well mannered by her father. Sometimes she looses her temper, but she has learned to control it under her fathers wishes. | Point of View
7: 1. Atticus getting called names for being on the Tom Robinson trial. Man vs. society. External. 2. The fire that caught Miss Maudie's house on fire. Man vs. nature. External. 3. Jem was denying scout to play with him and Dill. Man vs. man. External | Conflict
8: 1. The character involved in the first conflict was Atticus. he was being made fun of for the Robinson trial and before that nobody was really mean and now after it looks like he still hasn't tried to give up on the case even though he thinks they will lose. 2. In the second conflict Miss Maudie is involved in it and pretty much the rest of the town as well. Before the fire she was okay and surprisingly the day after she was in a bright a cheerful mood as if her house hadn't caught on fire just the day before. 3. In the third conflict Jem, Scout, and Dill were all involved. Jem thought that Scout was changing and acting different and she was keeping secrets, so Jem decided she shouldn't be able to hang out with him and Dill. Before they were all really close and did everything together, and after Scout usually ended up spending her time with the older ladies. | Conflict Affects
9: Dynamic Character: Scout and Jem are both dynamic characters because they're full of energy and they bring life to the story. They also change a lot through the whole thing. Static Character: One static character in the story is Atticus. Although he is a big character his personality doesn't change and he doesn't really evolve through the story. He's an adult and he has already formed his own opinions and ways of life. Flat Character: Scouts teacher would be a flat character because she didn't do anything to help the kids in the long run and she was the stereotypical teacher. Round Character: A round character would also be Atticus. they describe him as the loving family guy and amazing father that he is. | Characters
10: The significance of the title of To Kill a Mockingbird is that it represents a big part of the book. The mockingbird symbolizes innocence in a way. To hurt a mockingbird is a sin to do, the same as innocence. A lot of the characters are portrayed as mockingbirds because they have been taken from their innocence. | Symbolism
11: Boo Radley: He was considered a mockingbird because he was innocent and to kill him would be like killing an innocent songbird. Tom Robinson: He is considered a mockingbird because he never really did anything wrong at all, he was innocent. Scout Finch: She is considered a mockingbird because she is just an innocent child and she has all of her life to developed her own views and opinions. | Mockingbirds
12: Themes | 1. Human nature One of the themes is to show that there is good and evil in the world. It shows weather people are essentially good, or essentially evil. In To Kill a Mockingbird they show the perspective through Jem and Scout so they think that everything is good or innocent mainly because they have never really seen evil. This goes to show that the people who are innocent like Boo Radley and Tom Robinson aren't prepared for the evil that they have yet to encounter in the world. Scout wasn't really too effected by the evil done, but Jem on the other hand hand was highly effected by the way he sees human nature. Quote: "But why had he entrusted us with his deepest secret? I asked him why. "Because you're children and you can understand it," he said, "and because I heard that one-" He jerked his head at Dill: "Things haven't caught up with that one's instinct yet. Let him get a little older and he won't get sick and cry. Maybe things'll strike him as being—not quite right, say, but he won't cry, not when he gets a few years on him" (18-22). This quote shows that human nature corrupts human innocence. In a few years he won't cry because he will be corrupted.
13: 2. Don't be quick to judge someone you don't know In To Kill a Mockingbird they immediately think Boo Radley is a bad person just because thats what everyone else in the town was saying. You shouldn't assume anything just because that's what everyone else is saying, find out for yourself. Quote "Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough" (25-31). The quote goes to show that you shouldn't judge someone before you stand in their shoes. They didn't know Boo Radley and they didn't know what he had been through "An' they chased him 'n' never could catch him 'cause they didn't know what he looked like, an' Atticus, when they finally saw him, why he hadn't done any of those things... Atticus, he was real nice...." His hands were under my chin, pulling up the cover, tucking it around me. "Most people are, Scout, when you finally see them" (31.55).
14: 3. Treat others with the same respect that you want to be treated with "Hush your mouth! Don't matter who they are, anybody sets foot in this house's yo' comp'ny, and don't you let me catch you remarkin' on their ways like you was so high and mighty! Yo' folks might be better'n the Cunninghams but it don't count for nothin' the way you're disgracin' 'em—if you can't act fit to eat at the table you can just set here and eat in the kitchen!"(26-29) This just shows that even though you feel like someone is less than you, you shouldn't treat them any different and that is what Calpurina was trying to teach them.
15: My personal reflection of this book is that it was really good. It was suspenseful and really interesting. My favorite part was when they found out that Boo Radley wasn't actually a bad person. My least favorite part was when Tom Robinson was blamed for something he didn't actually do. I like how this book had many themes and many different things you can learn from it. | Reflection
16: 1-4:Setting 5-8:Conflict 10:characters 10-11:Symbolism 12-14:Theme 15: Reflection | Index