FC: America of the 1900's
1: Imperialism is the policy of extending power and gaining direct territorial control and indirect political control over foreign areas. | Imperialism
2: Spanish-American War | The Spanish-American War was a rather short war, lasted only about 4 months, and involved the US and the Cubans fighting the Spanish Army in Cuba. The US won the war, depleting Spain of its world power status. The US was the new dominant force in the world, and they used this to take over the Philippines and Puerto Rico. As its Spanish predecessor also did, the US took full control of the countries, making them no better than the Spanish.
3: Post-War Imperialism | After the Spanish-American War the United States then did not just get rid of the Spanish but replaced them in all of the acquired territories. In the case of Cuba the US made laws that made Cuba unable to govern itself and to make it completely dependent on the US for all government. In the Philippines the natives tried to overthrow the foreign government and the US army came in to break it up and won. The US kept control for many years and eventually relinquished power to the Filipinos.
4: The US and the Panama Canal | During the year of 1903 with Roosevelt in office, the US wanted to construct a Panamanian link with Colombia to pass over the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. A dispute with Colombia and France over treaties and land. The US eventually bought France's equipment and Colombia's land for 40 million dollars and began work on the canal in 1904. It finished in 1914 and is used to transport goods easier across the Atlantic and the Pacific.
5: The Panama Canal
6: Open Door Policy | The Open Door Policy was a policy to allow all trading countries to trade with China to stimulate the country's economy which was tanked. It was mainly a way for the United States to stake a trading claim in China because they had no influence in China.
7: Boxer Rebellion | In 1900, many Chinese opposed the spread of Western Influence. A secret society, called "Boxers"revolted against the foreigners. Hundreds were killed and international forces were needed to halt the revolt. Thousands of Chinese died and this lead to the US taking action against imperial powers.
8: The Significance | The Spanish-American War was significant because it led to the US becoming known as a worldly power. The Panama Canal became a new way for the US to extend its reach to another part of the world. Open-Door Policy was a way to stimulate China's economy and get the US involved in China's trade. The Boxer Rebellion forced the US to get involved in foreign affairs, such as imperial policy.
9: Comparing People and Places of the 1900's | Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft each had different views on foreign policy. Roosevelt wanted to remove Europe from US culture and in the process spread US culture. Taft wanted the South American countries to pay back the loans they owed the US. The Spanish-American War and the Boxer Rebellion were similar because both increased the US's influence on the world. Both were battles the US was victorious in but were fought in different areas of the world.
10: Conclusion on Imperialism | Imperialism is thought of as a generally bad thing and I agree. The native are treated badly and it is all just about greed. Like in the case of the Spanish-American war, imperialism leads to violence and death.
11: Our Sources | 1.Merriam-Webster definition of Imperialism URL: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/imperialism 2.Shmoop- American Imperialism and The Spanish-American War URL: http://www.shmoop.com/spanish-american-war/ 3.Panama Canal History http://www.pancanal.com/eng/history/ 4.Open Door Policy http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h908.html