FC: Hot Air Balloon History and Equipment
1: This is a picture of the Montigolfier balloon. | The History of Hot Air Balloons The hot air balloon was created by Pilatre De Rozier in 1783. The passengers were a rooster, a duck, and a sheep. Then two months later, brothers Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier. They launched it from the center of Paris. This was the birth of modern day hot air ballooning.
2: September 19th 1783 first hot air balloon is launched by Pilatre De Rozier. | June 5th, 1783 first manned balloon is launched in Paris by the Montgolfier brothers. | 1785 Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jefferies are first to cross English Channel. | January 7th 1793 Jean Pierre Blanchard was first to cross the U.S. George Washington was present to see the liftoff. | August 1932 Swiss Auguste Piccard reached 52,498 feet,or about 16,000 meters, in the air, a world record at the time. | In these years it was a race to see who could get the highest. The altitude record was broke every couple of months. | Time line of
3: In 1960 Captain Joe Kittinger set a new altitude record. He also jumped out of the balloon, on the way down he broke the sound barrier with his body. | 1978 Double Eagle II crossed the Atlantic in 137 hours. | 1991 Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand were first to cross Pacific. It took them 47 hours going speeds up to 245 mph. | 1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones were first to fly around the world. It took them 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes. | Hot Air Balloons
4: Equipment for Hot Air Balloon | You will need 7 things to help get your balloon off the ground and back on it. Here is the list: 1. Envelope 2.Burner 3.Basket 4.Propane 5.Skirt 6.Parachute valve/cord 7. Inflator fan
5: ENVELOPE The envelope of the balloon is what keeps the balloon in the air because hot air rises above cooler air. SKIRT The skirt is at the bottom of th envelope. It is made of fire-resistant material. The buoyancy of the balloon wont let air escape from the balloon. | Envelope | Skirt
6: Burner The burner is what heats up the air after the fan blows cool air into envelope. The propane fuels the the burners. The burners are the engine for the balloon. You can choose to have 1-4 burners. Most people use two. If you want a quieter flame or want burner frame made out of certain metal you can have that. The burner propels the balloon into the air.
7: Basket The basket holds the propane, passengers, and pilot. It is usually made out of rattan and willow sewn together also called wicker. The floor can be plywood and the sides usually made by suede, leather and rawhide. Some baskets are made triangular but most are square. One company tried to make them out of fiberglass but they shattered on hard landings. | The basket can hold up to 30 people and as little as 1. The basket carries the propane. The parachute valve cord and burners are able to be reached from the basket.
8: Parachute Valve and Cord The parachute valve cord is able to be reached from the basket. The parachute is normally help in by the pressure of the hot air, but if you pull the cord it helps with your decent. | The parachute valve and cord
9: Inflation fan The inflation fan blows cool air into the envelope. This blows the envelope enough for the Burner to put hot air into the balloon which makes it rise.