S: The Thirteen Colonies
FC: The Thirteen Colonies | By:Rebecca Petrohoy
2: THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES | Life in the new england colonies was | The Puritans decided to leave England so that they could reform the church by introducing a simpler way to worship. They wanted to build a new society based on biblical laws and teachings. King Charles 1st disapproved of the Puritans and their ideas. | The Massachusetts colony's goverment had too much power so people started to leave, starting with Thomas Hooker. | In the center of each of the villages was a common- a open field where the settlers' cattle graze. The settlers gathered at the meeting place for town meetings. That's where they discussed and voted on the towns issues. | The Puritins and the Americans fought because the Puritans were always taking more and more of their land. This was because more and more of them where moving to the area and they needed more to support their people. And by the 1670 nearly 45,000 settlers were living on the land.
3: Massachusetts was founded in the 1630's by the Puritins. The colony was made so that they could completely separate from the Church of England for good. They wanted to be in control of thier own place with no one telling them what to do. | Connecticut was found by a man named Thomas Hooker. He made a plan of government called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut in 1639. | New Hampshire was a major city and had a major sawmill by their ports. New Hampshire was also a major shipbuilding center. | Maine was part of Massachusetts and later on people from Rhode Island to Maine aligned themselves with the Wampanoags. They were determined to drive English settlers from their lands. With their help they destroyed 12 towns and killed over 600 European settlers. | Rhode Island was settled by Roger Williams. He believed in Religious Tolerance- a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs. He left Massachusetts in 1635 when he was ordered by the General Court to leave.
4: The middle colonies | King Charles 2 gave New Netherlands to his brother, the Duke of York. He named it New York in Dukes honor. | The middle colonies had the ablity to grow cash crops. They also had large farms, skilled artisans, and cattle and pigs on the farm. Many diffrent people, from many diffrent countries lived here. Some lived in the Backcountry. Although they had all that life was still hard here. | New Jersey separated from New York because New York became to big to govern. So King Charles 2 gave land to his friends and became known as New Jersey.
5: Pennsylvannia was founded by William Penn who was the son of a royal officer in the kings navy. He left England and became a member of the Quakers. | In 1664 The Duke of York gave some land to his friends, Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. They called it New Jersey. This colony was set up as a proprietary colony. | New York was first known as New Netherland and was set up by the Dutch. New York was then geven to the Duke of York by his brother. | Delaware was the land along the Delaware River and was part of Pennsylvania's Lower Countries. In 1701 Penn allowed them to elect their own assembly. Then in 1704 the colony broke of and became Delaware. They also became a large state for cash crops.
6: Southern Colonies | Maryland's religious beginnings was their right to worship freely. | The Carolinas were found in 1663 by a group of eight English nobles who recived a grant from the king for that land. | Georgia was the last of the 13 colonies was a part of south Carolina.James Oglethorpe was a respected English soldier and was the one who had founded Georgia. | Life developed in the southern colonies had two parts of how life was.The first was a Tidewater Plantation and the other was the back country in the south. | In the 1700's the slave trade grew because the slaves where the ones captured in all the wars.The need for more slaves increased so to meet those needs they started to enslave more Africans.
7: Both Carolinas where found in 1663. | Maryland was only found because King Charles 1st granted Sir George Calvert land in 1632. | North Carolina was made up of mostly poor tobacco farmers who drifted south from Virginia. They had small farms. And in 1712 it was named North Carolina. | South Carolina was named in 1719. The eight settlers traveled south to a bigger piece of land. | In 1619 Virgina became the first country that had enslaved Africans arrive there. | Georgia was carved out of the southern part of South Carolina. In 1732 James Oglethorpe came to that land and made a new colony. The colony was formed so that debtors could make a fresh start.