S: The Mayans
FC: The Mayans | By | Victoria Worthington | Katy Costikyan | Justin Kemp
1: The Mayan religion was one based primarily off of gods who were related to elements in nature. Their primary gods that they worshiped represented elements in nature like sun, storm, corn, and rain. Mayans based almost their | Religion | entire lives on religion. The cities they built all had massive prayer temples, and much of their day was devoted to worshiping gods and praying. The Mayans believed in practices such as human sacrifices and offerings to the Gods, and much of their daily life had religion incorporated in it. Their religious beliefs and practices were also | influenced by some of their daily lives and civilization. Many gods, practices and ceremonies involved agricultural and other influences because of the large amount of farming and agriculture involved in daily Mayan life. The priestly and noble class held most of the power in Mayan civilization, showing how religion had such a big effect on Mayan civilization. Priests and religious figures were very important in Mayan society. Mayan religion was very widely impacted by the society and environment.
2: Climate's/Area's Affect on Way of Life | Typical Rain-forest | Rain-forest after being flooded by constant rainfall | The Mayans lived in area's of dense rain-forest. In order to build any sort of structure, it was necessary for them to use tools to cut down the trees that blocked their way. These tools, coming from the available resources in the rain-forest, mainly consisted of bone, rock, and some metals. The Mayans' diet was made mostly of the plants and animals in the area, such as: Maize, squash, monkey, iguana, deer, and many beans. The Mayans were also the first to discover Cacao beans, used in drinks and meals, but only for royalty and special occasions.
3: The climate in which the Mayans lived in not only influenced what crops could be grown, but how the Mayans were able to survive on a daily basis. Though the rain-forest helped the Mayans have an almost constant supply of food and water, it lead to one major problem: floods. The Mayans had no technology advanced enough to truly cope with floods the way humans do today. Many were seriously injured whenever a flood took place. | Maize: The Mayans' main source of food | These floods also hurt many of the crops and structures the Mayans were trying to maintain. If a flood lasted for a very long time, the consequences could have been of disastrous proportions. Another major issue the Mayans had to face was the exact opposite of floods: drought. When there wasn't constant amounts of rain, there were times of extremely dry and hot climate. | During a drought, the Mayans would have a much harder time finding food, and though their shelters wouldn't be harmed, their crops would be all but safe. Some professors have even said that it is the droughts and floods that led to the end of the Mayans.
4: Cultural Accomplishments The Mayans were a very advanced civilization for their time. The Mayans created the most accurate calender out of all the | the other civilizations living during that time. They had two calenders. One of them had 365 days just like we have today. Their astronomy and mathematics were highly advanced. They produced extremely accurate astronomical observations. They also had an advanced writing and number system. They used hieroglyphics to record information in books made from the bark of fig trees. They developed a base 20 and a base 5 number system which included the number 0. The Mayans were famous for their architecture,such as the famous Mayan step
5: pyramids. They also carved monuments, palaces, and ball courts. They created large underground chambers known as chultunes used for storage. The Mayan social and political structure was far more complex than previously believed. They had intermarriage, military alliances, and religious capitals and centers. They also had a large middle class which included merchants, administrators, warriors, over-sees, craftsman, and artisans. They particularly made very complex pottery. The Mayan cilization was an advanced society. Yheir | accomplishments still amaze artists, professors, historians, and everyday people by how complex they were for their time.