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FC: Against the Current by Keith,Alex and Chris
1: The Problem The Native American's had the right to fish on and off reservation. But when the white men came they took away the right to fish were they wanted. | The Problem The whites kicked the Indians off their fishing grounds. But the Indians had signed treaties to fish in Colombia River, on and off the reservations. | The Problem The whites over fished, which caused not enough fish for the Native Americans. The salmon was a very important source of food for the Native Americans.
2: Native American arguments | The treats they signed in 1855 said, that they could fish on and off the reservations. But the whites made dams to stop the fish from coming up the river. The Native Americans said that the dams, the whites built, disturbed native breeding grounds of the fish and the places that they had the rights to fish. | A passage form a Columbia River Indian. "I am a mid-Columbia River Indian. I grew up along the river. I have many close relatives and friends who lived their lives on the river, who died there, and who are buried along its banks. I know that river well. In my lifetime, I have seen great changes take place on the river. I remember the time when there were no dams on the river and it could flow freely. I have observed the changes that the dams have done to the river from the covering of land to the way we fish".
3: The whites said, by the power of the Manifest Destiny we have the God given right to populate this land from sea to sea, and that they had the right to build the dams and the fisheries. | White arguments | As you can see in this picture their is a group of men standing by the road to keep the Indians on the reseveration and from fishing off of the reseveration.
4: All of the Indians that lived by or along the Columbia River were affected from not being able to fish anywhere that they wanted to. By the rights of the treat of 1855. If they were caught fishing off of the reservation, they were beaten and then hauled off to jail. | People who were involved
5: The first white settlers who came to the Columbia River were Lewis and Clark In 1805. The first major fishing case reached the Supreme Court by 1905 and their were many more after that like Tulee vs. Washington, 1942 Puyallup vs. Washington, 1968 U.S. vs Oregon, 1969 Sohappy vs. Smith, 1976 Colville vs Washington, 1979 United States vs Oregon, 1983
6: These events changed America for the better. The treaties said that the Indian's could fish off of the reservations and, so the Indians did. Over time the fish population started to decrease. The white settlers blamed the Indian's that their fishing was decreasing the fish populations, but really it was the over fishing by the whites. It started the conversation of fish in Washington State, and gave the rights to the Indians to fish freely where ever they wanted to. And today we still treat the Native Americans like they are In fearer to us.
7: Sources Legal Decisions Archive www.ccrh.org CRITFC Columbia river inter-tribal fish commission www.critfc.org Columbia River History www.nwcouncil.org