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S: Castle Destroyers

FC: Castle Destroyers | BY: Joey Polczynski and Joey Rowan

1: Castle Destroyers | By: Joey Polczynski and Joey Rowan | 4-28-11 | Eyer Middle School

2: Table of contents | 1 | 2- Strategies 3- Trebuchet 4- Catapult 5- Ballista 6- Battering ram 7- Siege tower 8- Journal Entry 9- Bibliography 10- Authors Page

3: Strategies | 2 | Castles are some of the biggest buildings of the medieval time period. They are also super hard to take over. There are many different strategies when it comes to taking over castles. Some of them are: -Mining under part of a wall and letting it fall into the ditch. -Wooden castles were set on fire. -Selecting a part of the wall and focus all the attack on it. -Build a siege tower on part of the wall and climb the wall. -Choose a section to batter with the battering ram. -Launching dead animals inside the castle to try to spread disease. - Surrounding the castle and waiting for the castle to starve.

4: Trebuchet | 3 | What is it? The trebuchet is a large wooden weapon that uses a huge box of stone instead of man power to launch its projectile. The stone is lifted up into position. Once the stone is ready the soldier manning the weapon will pull a rope that releases the stone. When the stone drops it flings the projectile in the air at the target. | What is it used for? The trebuchet is mostly used for smashing the top of towers off. It was not very good at taking down vertical walls. When it launches, the projectile goes high up in the air not straight towards the wall. So it would be hard to hit the vertical walls. Its max range was around 1000ft on good conditions. It was also good at launching stuff over the enemy walls.

5: 4 | Catapult | What is it? The Catapult goes by a couple different names. Manogonel, Oregon, and a catapult. A catapult is usually a wooden weapon that uses ropes and a gear to fire. Once the weapon is loaded soldiers crank back the ropes using the gear so the arm has a a lot of tension on it. Then you pull a rope that lets the gear go and fires the weapon. | What is it used for? The Oregon had the same firing power as the Trebuchet, but the trajectory of the projectile is flat. It shots more straight ahead then the Trebuchet and could use a number of different projectiles. They would sometimes fling dead animals into the castle to try to spread disease. It was mostly used to take down walls and large groups of soldiers.

6: Ballista | 5 | What is it? The ballista was really just a giant crossbow. It used twisted ropes that held the two arms of the crossbow. To use it you would load in the arrow and turn the crank towards you and fire. | What was it used for? The ballista was an anti personnel weapon, mainly for picking off the enemies and for defending the castle. The ballista would be mounted to the wall and used to pick off on coming troops.

7: Battering Ram | 6 | What is it? The Battering ram is a wooden weapon that uses strings and a big wooden beam. The strings hold up the wooden beam. Soldiers then take the beam and lift it up. Then they would drop the beam and the beam would hit whatever structure was in its way. | What was it used for? The battering ram was used for taking down big structures that armies cant take down themselves. It was mostly used for taking down castle walls and castles in general. It would take a couple hits to take down a wall but it did its job.

8: Seige Tower | 7 | What is it? The siege tower is a wooden structure with multiple layers that has ladders connect the layers. It is on wheels so the soldiers could push it around from wall to wall. It has a draw bridge that comes down and connects the siege tower to the enemy wall. | What was it used for? The siege tower was used for getting over walls with out destroying the wall completely. The invading army would wheel the tower into place and start climbing it to the top. Then they would drop the drawn bridge and climb over the wall into the enemy territory.

9: 8 | Journal Entry From a peasant | April 28, 1250 Dear Journal, Today while I was working in the fields I noticed that the castle was under a siege. They were using weapons that I have never seen before such as catapults, trebuchets, ballistas, and battering rams. First they set up a siege tower which they used for climbing over the walls of the castle. The walls were also being destroyed by battering rams. Catapults were used to launch dead bodies, dead animals, rocks, and other heavy objects. I have never witnessed anything quite like this.

10: Bibliography | Gravett, Christopher. Castle. New York, New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2000. Print. Sheehan, Sean. Castles. North Mankato, Minnesota: Smart Apple Media, 2005. Print. Steele, Phillip. Castles. New York, New York: Kingfisher, 1995. Print. | 9

11: About the Authors | Joey Rowan is a 13 year old 7th grader at Eyer Middle School. He plays sports such as baseball for the Lehigh Valley Stealth and also basketball. His favorite classes are Math and Gym. In his free time he enjoys playing outside with his friends and playing video games. He resides in Macungie, Pennsylvania. | Joey Polczynski is a 13 year old boy that resides in Macungie, Pennsylvania. He loves to play Basketball and plays on a couple different teams. He is a 7th grader at Eyer Middle School and thinks Eyer is awesome. His favorite subject is Math but he also likes science too. In his free time he loves to play Basketball and video games with his friends.

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