FC: Civil Right and Cold War Events.
1: Little Rock Nine | in 1957 a group of African-American students were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. They faced discrimination as they went to school every morning. They were threatened at school by mobs. Because of them the brown vs. board case happen and they were no longer segregation schools.
2: On February 1, 1960, a group of black college students from North Carolina A&T University refused to leave a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina where they wouldn't give them service. Out of SNCC their was some of today's black leaders, like Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry, Congressman John Lewis and NAACP chairman Julian Bond. them and all the students left a lasting impact on American history.
3: March 25th African American had a civil rights protest called sit ins. African Americans would sit in a public place in the white section and refuse to move causing the business to lose consumers. Started as 4 black college students and started a chain reaction. Since they were unwanted whites would pour condiments onto their head and use their head as a ash tray for their cigarettes. | Sit Ins
4: The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to get rid of the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
5: Freedom Riders | Civil rights protests in which blacks and whites rode interstate buses together in 1961.
6: The Berlin Wall was built on August 13, 1961. The wall split west and east Berlin. The wall made it impossible for east Germans to escape to freedom in west Berlin. They placed guard towers on the sides of the concrete wall. West Berlin thought of the wall as the wall of shame. It was later tore down in 1989.
7: The Integration of Ole Miss was a break of riots on September 30, 1962 of college students at the University of Mississippi in Oxford. James Meredith was a black air force veteran who was attempting to integrate the all white schools. He was protected by federal marshals because the groups of racists people became violent. At night time the federals struggled to protect him. they had some federals die because they wanted to get to James so badly. He was denied at first by the college cause of his race but he fought it till the end and was granted admission the following fall.
8: The Cuban Missile Crisis is a confimatinn between the U.S & the S.U in fall of 1962 over the building of Sovient missile-launching sites in Cuba, in response to which U.S established a quarintine to prevent sovient ships from transporting missles to Cuba & to demand withdrawl of all S.U agreed to withdraw its missiles & President John Kennedy agreed not to invade.
9: Birmingham Protest | 1963 | The Birmingham Protest was when blacks had protested to be able to get the right to vote just like the whites.
10: The march on Washington happen on August 28, 1963. It was the demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights. Nationwide outrage was sparked by media coverage of police actions in Birmingham, Alabama, where attack dogs and fire hoses against protesters. The March on Washington achieved getting the Civil Rights Act passed.
11: 24th Amendment | The 24th amendment was passed on January 23, 1964. The amendment guarantees that no person can be denied the right to vote due to an inability to pay a tax prior to voting.
12: Freedom Summer June of1964 | The Freedom Summer address the racial inequalities for blacks in the south to the right to vote also it was just a big step that gave them more freedom and rights more than 80,000 Mississippians joined the new party.
13: Civil Rights Act July 2, 1964 | The Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national origin. At the last moment they added sex so women would have equal rights as the men with employment and voting.
14: Vietnam War January 20, 1965 | The Vietnam war was a protracted military conflict between the communist forces of North Vietnam supported by China and the Soviet Union. The non-communist forces of South Vietnam was supported by the United States.
15: March to Selma March 7, 1965 | The march to Selma involved Martin Luther King Jr and many other black people of Alabama.
16: Voting Rights Act 1965 | The Voting Rights Act was an act passed by the U.S congress to ensure the voting rights of African Americans. Even though the 15th amendment gave voting rights no matter what race African American in the south still struggled with voting rights. This act prohibited southern states from using literacy tests to determine elgibility to vote
17: Black Panthers 1966 | The Black Panthers was a group of militant of African Americans. They fought physically for what they believed in. They wanted black and whites separated but with equal rights. It took place in Oakland, Cali.
18: Made By:
19: Kayley & Megan