S: The Church's Role in the Holocaust
BC: THE END
FC: The Church's Role in the Holocaust By: Kira Spoehr & Sanjana Ravindra
1: Table of Contents 1. Hitler's rise to Power 2. What did the churches' actually do during the holocaust? 3.What did PiusXII do for the Jews? 4. Why did the church stay neutral during the holocaust?
2: Hitler's Rise to Power
3: 1939 legally schemed his way in to power Made promises he couldn't keep told lies Blamed the Jews for Germany losing the war
4: What did the Churches' actually do? | -The exact roles of the church is not known -Eugenio Pacelli(1876-1958) soon to be known as Pope Pius XII. -If the pope had spoken out on Hitler’s rule, the Nazi’s might have retaliated. -Pope Pius XII has a distorted view because of a play where he was played as indifferent to the Jews. -“righteous among nations” is a term reserved for non-jews who helped Jews escape. Pope Pius XII would qualify he saved approx. 750,000 lives -Pius XII condemned racist oppression -the Vatican hid 477 jews during the war
5: Churches throughout Europe were mostly silent while Jews were persecuted, deported and murdered by the Nazis. Churches, especially in Nazi Germany, did what they thought was right.
6: What did PiusXII do for the Jews?
7: -Many people gather around the after a air raid in 1943 -He is famous for staying silent during the war -Pope Pius died in 1958 -He sheltered a few Jews privately -he was ordained as a priest in 1899 -the pope knew about Nazi party but did not say much about it other than in one speech in 1935. -before him even before a pope he was controversial as a cardinal, because of how he acted with Hitler -Right after Hitler came to power him and the pope signed a paper that promises the Roman Catholic Church freedom -He spoke out against racial laws and mixed marriages in Italy, but did not say anything about Kristallnacht.
8: Why did the church stay neutral during the holocaust?
9: The Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri signed the Lateran Treaty in Feb 1929. The treaty was one of three agreements known as the Lateran Pacts of 1929. One of the clauses established in 1929 was that the Vatican must remain neutral, and would not act as an intermediary unless all parties agree upon such an arrangement.
10: Was Hitler religious? | Many have questioned Hitler's stand on Christianity. Although he fought against certain Catholic priests who opposed him for political reasons, his belief in God and country never left him. Many Christians throughout history have opposed Christian priests for various reasons; this does not necessarily make one against one's own Christian beliefs. Nor did the Vatican's Pope & bishops ever disown him; in fact they blessed him.
11: Although Hitler did not practice religion in a churchly sense, he certainly believed in the Bible's God. Raised as Catholic he went to a monastery school and, interestingly, walked everyday past a stone arch which was carved the monastery's coat of arms which included a swastika. As a young boy, Hitler's most ardent goal was to become a priest. Much of his philosophy came from the Bible, and more influentially, from the Christian Social movement.
13: "My feelings as a Christian points me to my Lord and Savior as a fighter. It points me to the man who once in loneliness, surrounded by a few followers, recognized these Jews for what they were and summoned men to fight against them and who, God's truth! was greatest not as a sufferer but as a fighter. In boundless love as a Christian and as a man I read through the passage which tells us how the Lord at last rose in His might and seized the scourge to drive out of the Temple the brood of vipers and adders. How terrific was His fight for the world against the Jewish poison. To-day, after two thousand years, with deepest emotion I recognize more profoundly than ever before the fact that it was for this that He had to shed His blood upon the Cross. As a Christian I have no duty to allow myself to be cheated, but I have the duty to be a fighter for truth and justice... And if there is anything which could demonstrate that we are acting rightly it is the distress that daily grows. For as a Christian I have also a duty to my own people." -Adolf Hitler, in a speech on 12 April 1922
15: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7kHGl9rILCQ (treaty) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuDoFYflX4Q (kidnap)
18: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/pius.html http://www.catholicleague.org/pius/framemain.htm http://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/issues/99oct/9910pope.htm http://www.chivalricorders.org/vatican/piusXII.htm http://www.concordatwatch.eu/showkb.php?org_id=858&kb_header_id=752&kb_id=1212 | Bibliography
19: http://www.adl.org/braun/dim_14_1_role_church.asp http://www.catholicleague.org/pius/dalinframe.htm http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/False%20Religions/Roman%20Catholicism/former_hitler_youth_elected_pope.htm http://nobeliefs.com/hitler.htm http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1999/10/the-holocaust-and-the-catholic-church/5061/ http://www.chivalricorders.org/vatican/piusXII.htm http://ww2db.com/country/vatican_city