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S: Virginia Indians Project

BC: I hope you like my project.

FC: Virginia Indians Project | By Zoe Cunniffe

1: Eastern Woodland Indians The Eastern Woodland Indians came about 3,000 years ago. They were good farmers, but they still hunted and gathered. They lived in settled villages, traded a lot, and invented the bow and arrow. Geography influenced the way they lived.

2: Language Groups There are three main language groups in Virginia: Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan. Archaeologists created these names to refer to the similar groups. These languages were not written. There are many language groups in North America. The Iroquoian lived in two different parts of Virginia, but the Siouan lived in Piedmont. The Algonquian lived mostly in the Coastal Plain.

3: Indians are not just people of the past, they are part of the present and future, too. The Mattaponi help Virginia’s Shad industry and economy. There are seven other recognized tribes in Virginia, also called the Commonwealth. There are about 4,000 VA tribal members. Some kids in these tribes left for a better education in Oklahoma. In the Monacan tribe, it is a tradition to pass things down.

4: The Woodland Indians had traditions for the dead such as tying bones. They also smoked tobacco. Cherokees were skilled artisans and believed in many myths and legends. Music and dance were important to them. The Powhatans farmed a type of corn called maize and had fences surrounding their villages. The Algonquians lived in wigwams and kids were naked on hot days. The Iroquoi played lacrosse and were taught by elders.

5: The government makes tribes live in very small reservations. The Mattaponi reservation only has 150 acres! The Mattaponi is one of only two reservations left. One reservation does farming and the other does fishing. 14,000-21,000 Indians made up the Powahatan Chiefdom at one time, but it no longer is that way today. A Powwow is a religious ceremony with music, dancing, traditional clothing,goods and services.

7: About the Author | I am nine years old and I have two dogs.

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  • By: Zoe C.
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  • Title: Blank Canvas
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