BC: My paragraph on Native American Heritage month By Liam Amorosi On November 9th , Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell declared the month of November Native American Heritage Month. Gov. McDonnell signed proclamations for each representative and gave them his pens. Natural Resource manager Doug Domenech chairman of the meeting says that we should partner with the Native Americans. Six out of eleven tribes are still seeking federal recognition. Governor McDonnell says that we should treat Indians better and recognize them better. | This is governor Bob McDonnell who agreed with all of this.
FC: Indians by Liam Amorosi
1: My paragraph of the Paleo, Archaic, and Eastern Woodland Indians technology and how it advanced. (look on next page for pictures.) The Paleo Indians lived by hunter-gathering and some farming. The animals they hunted include, huge animals like Mammoths and Mastodons. They also hunted deer, moose, bison, and elk. They did not have very advanced technology but later Indians would. The Archaic Indians discovered new technology such as the atlatl and the soapstone. The atlatl (Atl atl), or spear thrower, helped them throw their axes and spears faster and more accurately. The soapstone was a very sharp stone that helped them chip rocks to make fires. They lived on a diet of vegetables and meat. The Archaic Indians were also proficient farmers. The Eastern Woodland Indians invented technology like the bow and arrow. They traded with other Indians and settled in one place. They also made pottery and ate differently. These are some of the many advancements of Indian technology.
2: This is the atlatl, or spear thrower. It is a tool that helps Indians throw their axes and spears faster and more accurately.
3: My paragraph of the three major Indian language groups of Virginia By: Liam Amorosi The three major language groups of Virginia are the Iroquoian, Siouan, and Algonquin. The Algonquin lived in the Coastal Plaines region and in some of Delaware. In the Algonquin 32 out of 40 tribes decided to ban together and form the Powhatan one of the most powerful Indian tribes in all of history. The Siouan lived in most of the piedmont region. To survive they farmed vegetables and hunted elk, deer, and bison. The interesting thing about the Siouan was that they build mounds to bury their dead. The Iroquoian (also called the Iroquois) were the most peaceful ones. The Colonist liked the Iroquois because they helped with the Declaration of Independence. They were able to help with that because they were so good at joining together. They joined together and made the Haudenosaunee. They came up with some pretty good things, like the long house that 15 families had to share! The clan was leaded by the chiefs. They were chosen by the clan mothers. And that is some facts about the three major groups of Virginia
4: My paragraph on the changes to Indian life due to English settlement. By Liam Amorosi When the English arrived in Virginia and met face to face with the Native Americans the Indians were introduced to different weapons, clothes, food, and religion. Some Indians accepted that, but a fair amount did not! Some hated it so much that the English and those Indians broke up into combat. Europeans also were a major threat to the Indians. They forced them out of their land and brought diseases in fact 50,000 Indians lived in Virginia but European diseases killed nearly 90% of them! This was a problem until May 29th 1677 when the peace treaty between the Indians and the English was signed by King Charles. Two Indians tribes respected that treaty, the Pamunky and the Mattaponi. The two last land reservations of Indian land belong to the Pamunky and the Mattaponi. There was a big rule called the Racial Integrity Act that stated that different color people (other than whites) were not allowed to marry whites and had limited education. That law lasted from 1705 to 1924 thats over 300 years! (look on next page for pictures)
5: This is the peace treaty signed by King Charles the second in 1677.