BC: Native Americans are part of our lives and they complete it so we should respect that so this book is about them. Past and present.
FC: NATIVE AMERICANS Present & Past
1: This book is dedicated to the best Social Studies teacher ever. Ms. Proctor
2: Out of 3 different types of Indians (Paleo, Archaic, and Woodland) Paleo Indians were the first to come to America. They used spears and were hunter-gatherers. Archaic Indians came after the Paleo Indians and they used more advanced tools like an atlatl (a spear thrower). Archaic also stored food and grew crops. Eastern Woodland Indians came after the Archaic and they made a bow and arrow. These were the first Native Americans to come to Virginia
3: There are three different types of languages that Indians in Virginia spoke. The languages are Algonquian, Siouan, and Iroquoian. The Algonquian lived mostly in the Coastal Plain Region and they fished a lot. The Iroquoian lived in the Appalation Plateau and the Southern region of the Tidewater region. The Siouan lived in the Piedmont region and built mounds, traded with other Indians, and planted crops. This is the lifestyles of these three languages.
4: Native Americans and their land have been affected in a lot of ways. For example, a law called the Racial Integrity act didn’t let white marry colored people, colored people’s records sometimes got changed, and colored sometimes had to go other states to go to school. This lasted from 1924- 1967. Another few ways they got affected are how there were 50,000 Indians living here and a lot died from diseases and war and land was reduced during conflicts between Indians and settlers. Also, only six tribes got state recognized and are fighting for federal recognition. There are also some things that are not so bad, like how the Mattaponi and the Pamunkey still have land in Virginia. Between 1646- 1677 treaties between the Indians and the settlers were signed. The chiefs of tribes try to keep the tradition alive by teaching it to the children. This is how the Native Americans lived and still live today.
5: Governor Bob McDonnell made November American Indian Month because he believes that we should recognize their present lives not just their past. He also believes that tribal governments and and states should partner with each other. In a meeting about the SOL's they think that they should teach better things about Native Americans. Six out of eleven tribes in Virginia that have state recognition are fighting to get fedral recognition. Remember to remember that November is American Indian Month!