FC: Rwanda | Population: 11,689,696 | Gained independence in 1961
1: Rwanda has 3 major ethnic groups. They are Bantu(84%), Hamitic(15%), and Pygmy (1%) The religions of Rwanda consist mainly of Roman Catholics(57%), Protestants(26%), Adventists (11%), Muslims(5%) Indigenous beliefs (0.1%) and atheists make up about 2% of the population. Rwanda is the most populated country in Africa.
2: Rwanda is located in east-central Africa. It is surrounded by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, and Burundi. It is slightly smaller than Maryland in size. Steep mountains and deep valleys cover most of the country. Lake Kivu is the highest lake in Africa. Extending north of it are the Virunga Mountains, which include the volcano Karisimbi, which is Rwanda's highest point. Kigali is the capital of Rwanda
3: Rwanda is a Republic nation and the president is Paul Kagame. The Prime Minister is Pierre Damien Habumuremyi. | Paul Kagame | Pierre Damien Habumuremyi
4: Rwanda faces many serious issues. 60% of the population lives under the poverty line. The biggest issue Rwanda faces today is the infectious diseases. In 2009, more than 170,000 people were living with HIV/AIDS. Rwanda also had a very high risk rate of catching diseases like Malaria, bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, yellow fever, typhoid fever , and rabies. Although there has been major progress, Rwanda is still one of the most war stricken countries in Africa. Rwanda is still recovering from the mass genocide in 1994. The genocide was sparked when the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, was killed when his plane was shot down. A judge blames the current president, Paul Kagame, who is part of the Tutsi group. The Tutsi community blamed Hutu extremists. Whoever caused it, within hours of the disagreement, violence was spread throughout the country and about 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the 100 days of the war.
5: Many more wars continued after the first fight between the Hutu and the Tutsi. Even though the killing has stopped, fighting is still going on between the groups.
6: Rwanda has a very moderate climate. Average daytime temperatures in Rwanda hover around 75 degrees in the lower mountains, and a much cooler 55 degrees along the higher mountains, while nighttime temperatures average in the 60s. This climate makes agriculture in Rwanda very dominant in the society. Coffee and tea are Rwanda's main exports. Though with the overpopulation, fertile lands are hard to come by.
7: Sources: | - http://www.indexmundi.com/rwanda/demographics_profile.html - http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107926.html?pageno=3 - http://www.africaw.com/major-problems-facing-rwanda-today - http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm - http://traveltips.usatoday.com/weather-climate-rwanda-15612.html - http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Rwanda-AGRICULTURE.html