FC: Communism in Russia: Lenin and Stalin By Ashley Martinez
1: Hello Tatyanna! I just had the greatest experience ever! I attended the closure of the Constituent Assembly. So first the Provisional Government wanted to set up a new democratic government by arranging some elections. The results ended with Lenin refusing to hand over power and with help of the Red Guard, killed or wounded over 100 pro-Assembly members. It was very intense! Lenin showed hatred for the Assembly by lazily sitting in his chair and it seemed as if he was bored to death. -Elena
2: Decisive Important Quite Important Not Important | Trotsky's leadership was important because it led the Red Army to the path of victory. The lack of one leader of the Whites was very significant because it led to the victory of the Communist. | The Communist control of communication became important because it spread the popularity of the Communist party. | Communist propaganda was quite important because it turned the Russian against the Whites. The cruelty of the Whites was quite important because it helped the Communist to persuade Russia to go against the Whites. | The influence of foreign intervention was not important since it wasn't mentioned or put much thought of in history.
3: I am petitioning in order for you, Lenin, to realize what your war has put us through. We lost everything, since you forced us to give up all our products to the government, we're not allowed to sell it for profit. This led to a full-scale famine, the weather did not help, and many died. I hope you understand that people are suffering, and this made us oppose to the war. We would like for you to make decisions that would benefit ALL of us, not just you.
4: I, a Communist believer, completely oppose the New Economy Policy (NEP). This completely goes against our old ways, encouraging private factories and profit-making goes against the Communist ideas. We were more organized following the Communist ideas, but now we have small personal businesses in every corner. Lenin was wrong for this policy, I was one of many who tore up the party cards. | After the requisitioning grain ended, we were able to grow and sell our own products for a profit. It was great we were able to open up our own private businesses and it would be ours as long as it contained less than twenty workers. We always had a job making us able to support the rest of the family, this was a great opportunity for us nepmans.
5: We are gathered here today in memory of Vladimir Ulyanov, also known as Lenin. He aimed to start in a small party of dedicated revolutionaries. When the Social Democratic Party split, he began to achieve his goal by leading the Bolsheviks. Many described him as 'the greatest genius of all times and of all nations, master of the treasures of human knowledge'.
6: Trotsky advantages -Lenin personally chose Trotsky as his successor. -Trotsky was intelligent and had a strong personality. -Trotsky was well-known with the army. -Trotsky played a leading part in the Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War. | Stalin advantages -Stalin presented himself as Lenin's close follower. -Stalin had ideas of the future which caused him to be more popular with the Party. -Stalin was a General Secretary, holding the key post in the Party. -Stalin's appearance deceived Trotsky and the other contenders.
7: After some interviews with a few peasants who witnessed collectivisation, we realized that many of these peasants have stories. For example, one of these peasants shared with us that many other peasants, including himself, killed their stock. Bulls, sheep, pigs and even cows were slaughtered. Another peasant shared that many other peasants became sick, young and old suffered from stomach ache. The third witness confessed that they spent more time planning their own private plots than the collectives land.
8: Stalin is determined to get rid of anybody who speaks better than him. He became paranoid that his enemies were planning to overthrow him. Stalin claims to be the best, that he is greater than everyone else. We approached several theories of the carry out the purges. One of these theories were that he wanted Soviet citizens to fear him because this would make them less likely to challenge him. We gathered some files that show about one million people executed, two million people died in camps. We will go more in detail when we come back, we also have witnesses of these who will speak to us about this tragedy.